Intolerable Acts

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Intolerable Acts,

name given by American patriots to five laws (including the Quebec ActQuebec Act, 1774,
passed by the British Parliament to institute a permanent administration in Canada replacing the temporary government created at the time of the Proclamation of 1763.
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) adopted by Parliament in 1774, which limited the political and geographical freedom of the colonists. Four of these laws were passed to punish the people of Massachusetts for the Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party,
1773. In the contest between British Parliament and the American colonists before the Revolution, Parliament, when repealing the Townshend Acts, had retained the tea tax, partly as a symbol of its right to tax the colonies, partly to aid the financially
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. The Boston Port Bill closed the port until such time as the East India Company should be paid for the tea destroyed. Other acts changed the royal charter of Massachusetts; provided for the quartering of troops—the New York assembly had earlier (1767–69) been suspended for refusing to make provisions for British troops—in the colony without provincial consent; and gave royal officials in conflict with colonial authorities the right to trial in England. American opposition to these laws and to the Quebec Act was felt in all the colonies, since the actions taken against Massachusetts might be extended to any colony and the Quebec Act was considered a violation of the sea-to-sea grants of many colonial charters. The outcome was the First Continental CongressContinental Congress,
1774–89, federal legislature of the Thirteen Colonies and later of the United States in the American Revolution and under the Articles of Confederation (see Confederation, Articles of).
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References in periodicals archive ?
This was followed by the Intolerable Acts, which were designed to punish Massachusetts in particular, and impress upon the other colonies the consequences if they did not obey.
He said that in 1774, the courts represented the rule of British law after the Intolerable Acts or Coercive Acts revoked the Massachusetts Charter and took away colonists' rights.
The third chapter begins with Governor Hutchinson's ill-fated debate with the Massachusetts colonial assembly in 1773 over "whether Parliament possessed exclusive legislative authority over the colonies" and ends with the initial American responses to the Intolerable Acts of 1774, in which Parliament, for the first time, "intended to enforce the full sweep of its lawmaking authority over the colonies." The fourth chapter discusses three plans published in 1774 (Cartwright, Galloway, and Jefferson), which, stemming from the assumption that the colonists no longer trusted Parliament to respect their rights, proposed reorganizations of the British Empire which would formally divide power between the colonial and metropolitan government based upon subject matter.
It is not surprising that the entire Arab world was outraged by the intolerable acts by the American troops, who pride themselves on being the liberators of Iraq.
The author develops this theme by focusing his analysis on the important country town of Worcester, where anti-British sentiment ran strong in the months before and after the Intolerable Acts. Popular committees of correspondence in towns such as Worcester speedily organized with clear majority support from the citizenry, who in some cases assembled in protest crowds numbering in the thousands.
The delegates also adopted a number of resolutions opposing the Intolerable Acts, the Quebec Act, the maintenance of British troops in towns in peacetime, and the dissolution of colonial assemblies.
The first of the Intolerable Acts, also known as the Coercive Acts, was passed by Parliament.
The colony had suffered through the Stamp Act, the Boston Massacre, the Intolerable Acts, the tax on tea, and the buildup of British forces in Boston, where they were put up in people's houses.
According to Thomas, "Such facile criticism overlooks the dilemma that the North ministry could not have ignored such [American] defiance, and yet that any reconciliation would be resented." Among the Intolerable Acts legislated against Massachusetts, only the Boston Port Act was intended to be "coercive," while the Massachusetts Government Act was "remedial," and other actions were simply "temporary devices" to deal with the disorder in the Colony (118).
On September 5, delegates from 12 of the 13 Colonies meet in Philadelphia to discuss the British Parliament's passage of "the Intolerable Acts." As the First Continental Congress, the delegates call for protection of personal liberties and object to British "taxation without representation."
To teach the colonists a lesson, Parliament passes laws that become known as the Intolerable Acts. The harshest law closes Boston Harbor to trade.
People in Massachusetts call these laws the Intolerable Acts. Americans in other colonies also see the action of Parliament as a threat to their liberty.