The Mountain

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mountain, The


(Montagnards). (1) During the Great French Revolution, the name of a left democratic grouping in the Convention. representing the Jacobins and occupying the top benches in the Convention (hence the name Montagnards).

(2)During the Revolution of 1848, a group of petit bourgeois democrats in the Constituent Assembly who considered themselves the heirs of the late 18th-century Montagnards. In February 1849 a bloc of petit bourgeois democrats and petit bourgeois socialists was called the New Mountain. The members of the Mountain, led by A. O. Ledru-Rollin and F. Pyat. claimed to advocate revolutionary action. but in the course of events (the demonstration in Paris on June 13. 1849), they revealed their complete inability to rally the masses to the struggle.


Manfred. A. Z. Velikaia frantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia XVIII v. Moscow. 1956.
Zastenker. N. E. “Konets Ychreditel’nogo sobraniia vo Frantsii:Porazhenie respublikanskoi burzhuazii.” In Revoliutsii ¡848–1849 gg.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1952. Pages 699–724.
Zastenker, . E. “Vystuplenie 13 iiunia 1849 g. i porazhenie melkoburzhuaznoi demokratii vo Frantsii.’” Ibid.,vol. 2, pp. 7–29.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The influx of this wandering trade has had its effects on the habits of the mountain tribes.
State of the fur trade of the Rocky Mountains American enterprises General Ashley and his associates Sublette, a famous leader Yearly rendezvous among the mountains Stratagems and dangers of the trade Bands of trappers Indian banditti Crows and Blackfeet Mountaineers Traders of the Far West Character and habits of the trapper
Sticking his spurs into his horse he made a rush at the mountain, and got up half-way, then he calmly turned his horse's head and came down again without a slip or stumble.
Evening closed in, and he strained his eyes to see if he could behold the top of the mountain. Then he gazed beneath him, and what a sight met his eyes!
The ruins of a house burnt by fire do not tell their tale more plainly, than do the mountains of Scotland and Wales, with their scored flanks, polished surfaces, and perched boulders, of the icy streams with which their valleys were lately filled.
It flowed in a gentle concave from the road up the mountain, its farther boundary an unbroken line of timber.
Thus spake Zarathustra on the ridge of the mountain where it was cold: when, however, he came into the vicinity of the sea, and at last stood alone amongst the cliffs, then had he become weary on his way, and eagerer than ever before.
There are very few valleys which lead to the central ranges, and the mountains are quite impassable in other parts by beasts of burden.
"Ah; who is that coming down the mountain?" asked the Nome, gazing upward.
The house occupied by the family was on the slope of a mountain, and after a long drought there was a terrible tempest which not only raised the river to a great height but loosened the surface of the mountain so that a great landslide took place.
The Indians of the Orellanna, also, tell of horrible noises heard occasionally in the Paraguaxo, which they consider the throes and groans of the mountains, endeavoring to cast forth the precious stones hidden within its entrails.
Even on the causeway forming the fortifications of Tycho, the mountains hanging on to the interior and exterior sloping flanks rose in stories like gigantic terraces.