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(Montagnards). (1) During the Great French Revolution, the name of a left democratic grouping in the Convention. representing the Jacobins and occupying the top benches in the Convention (hence the name Montagnards).
(2)During the Revolution of 1848, a group of petit bourgeois democrats in the Constituent Assembly who considered themselves the heirs of the late 18th-century Montagnards. In February 1849 a bloc of petit bourgeois democrats and petit bourgeois socialists was called the New Mountain. The members of the Mountain, led by A. O. Ledru-Rollin and F. Pyat. claimed to advocate revolutionary action. but in the course of events (the demonstration in Paris on June 13. 1849), they revealed their complete inability to rally the masses to the struggle.
REFERENCESManfred. A. Z. Velikaia frantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia XVIII v. Moscow. 1956.
Zastenker. N. E. “Konets Ychreditel’nogo sobraniia vo Frantsii:Porazhenie respublikanskoi burzhuazii.” In Revoliutsii ¡848–1849 gg.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1952. Pages 699–724.
Zastenker, . E. “Vystuplenie 13 iiunia 1849 g. i porazhenie melkoburzhuaznoi demokratii vo Frantsii.’” Ibid.,vol. 2, pp. 7–29.