The Mountain


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Mountain, The

 

(Montagnards). (1) During the Great French Revolution, the name of a left democratic grouping in the Convention. representing the Jacobins and occupying the top benches in the Convention (hence the name Montagnards).

(2)During the Revolution of 1848, a group of petit bourgeois democrats in the Constituent Assembly who considered themselves the heirs of the late 18th-century Montagnards. In February 1849 a bloc of petit bourgeois democrats and petit bourgeois socialists was called the New Mountain. The members of the Mountain, led by A. O. Ledru-Rollin and F. Pyat. claimed to advocate revolutionary action. but in the course of events (the demonstration in Paris on June 13. 1849), they revealed their complete inability to rally the masses to the struggle.

REFERENCES

Manfred. A. Z. Velikaia frantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia XVIII v. Moscow. 1956.
Zastenker. N. E. “Konets Ychreditel’nogo sobraniia vo Frantsii:Porazhenie respublikanskoi burzhuazii.” In Revoliutsii ¡848–1849 gg.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1952. Pages 699–724.
Zastenker, . E. “Vystuplenie 13 iiunia 1849 g. i porazhenie melkoburzhuaznoi demokratii vo Frantsii.’” Ibid.,vol. 2, pp. 7–29.
References in classic literature ?
A competition immediately ensued between the two companies for the trade with the mountain tribes and the trapping of the head-waters of the Columbia and the other great tributaries of the Pacific.
A heap of corpses both of riders and horses lay round the mountain, and many dying men lay groaning there unable to go any farther with their wounded limbs.
The ruins of a house burnt by fire do not tell their tale more plainly, than do the mountains of Scotland and Wales, with their scored flanks, polished surfaces, and perched boulders, of the icy streams with which their valleys were lately filled.
The timber beyond clothed the mountain in solid green to what they took to be the top.
Thus spake Zarathustra on the ridge of the mountain where it was cold: when, however, he came into the vicinity of the sea, and at last stood alone amongst the cliffs, then had he become weary on his way, and eagerer than ever before.
The case appears to me rather obscure: for that part of the mountain which is protected by a mantle of snow, must be less subject to repeated and great changes of temperature than any other part.
laughed the General, who was now on the mountain path.
The house occupied by the family was on the slope of a mountain, and after a long drought there was a terrible tempest which not only raised the river to a great height but loosened the surface of the mountain so that a great landslide took place.
Hear my tale; it is long and strange, and the temperature of this place is not fitting to your fine sensations; come to the hut upon the mountain.
It came from the direction of the mountain trail they had just left.
Some of the Mangaboos discovered them as soon as they left the House of the Sorcerer; but when they started toward the mountain the vegetable people allowed them to proceed without interference, yet followed in a crowd behind them so that they could not go back again.
The spoken word had located him in the wild canyons of Sonoma Mountain and fringed the mountain with posses of peace-officers and detachments of armed farmers.