National Convention

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National Convention


the highest legislative and executive organ of the First Republic in France. It was in existence from Sept. 21, 1792, to Oct. 26, 1795.

The National Convention was elected after the popular uprising of Aug. 10, 1792, which overthrew the monarchy and forced the Legislative Assembly to change the system of electoral qualifications and decree the convocation of a national congress. Two-stage elections to the convention, in which all men (excluding domestic servants) over the age of 21 were eligible to vote, were held. There were three groups of deputies to the convention: the Girondins, who tried to hold back the forward movement of the revolution; the Jacobins, who tried to further the revolution; and the Plaine, who supported whoever was more powerful at any given moment.

The history of the National Convention is divided into three periods. During the first period, control belonged to the Girondins. However, in the trial of Louis XVI, a slim majority overruled the Girondins and supported the Jacobin proposal on the execution of the former king (January 1793) and approved the Law of the Maximum (May 1793), which instituted government limits on prices. The popular uprising of May 31-June 2, 1793, drove the Girondins from power and gave full power to the Jacobins.

The Jacobin convention was the supreme organ of the Jacobin dictatorship. The dictatorship carried out the most important tasks of the revolution (organizing the national forces to defeat the counterrevolution, liquidating feudal relationships in the countryside, and adopting a democratic constitution in 1793). The National Convention and its subordinate committees, including the Committee of Public Safety and Committee of General Security, formed the revolutionary government of the Jacobins. The National Convention of this period received the high evaluation of V. I. Lenin, who wrote: “a convention . . . must have the courage, the capacity, and the strength to strike merciless blows at the counterrevolutionaries instead of compromising with them” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 34, p. 37).

The Thermidorian coup (July 1794) began the Thermidorian Convention, which in the interest of the counterrevolutionary big bourgeoisie liquidated the basic social and democratic gains of the Jacobins and prepared the way for transition to the regime of the Directory.


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Choi Gyung-hwan, a vocal critic of Ahn, lashed out at Ahn's "trick" to render the national convention in favor of the merger.
At any rate, the members who participate in the National Convention are absolutely crucial to helping set the course for our organization's service and advocacy efforts on behalf of our nation's more than 3 million injured and ill veterans, their families and survivors.
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''The conclusion of the National Convention coincides with a brutal crackdown on citizens for peacefully exercising their freedom of expression,'' he said.
Winners earn performance at the national convention and two years of concert bookings.
Business in Manhattan is very parochial and one of best things we ever did nine years ago [when we joined Coldwell Banker] was take the Hunt Kennedy office to the national convention. Just being there was an education."
Primaries are elections, generally held under the auspices of state government, that are used to select or bind the national convention delegates.
According to Section 22 of the national bylaws and Manual of Procedure, each Post shall register, in advance, at least one delegate to the national convention.
The book was completed in March of this year with a planned printing date of October 2000, in time for the national convention in Las Vegas.
Manuel Galvan, in his speech reprinted in the January issue of The Quill, asks why the minority jobs fair in Cincinnati was held separately from the national convention.
However, on our own part, we wish to inform Nigerians particularly members of the PDP that the national convention where our presidential candidate will be elected that has been scheduled to hold in Port Harcourt will go on as planned.

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