National Road

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National Road,

U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St. Louis and was the great highway of Western migration. Agitation for a road to the West began c.1800. Congress approved the route and appointed a committee to plan details in 1806. Contracts were given in 1811, but the War of 1812 intervened, and construction did not begin until 1815. The first section (called the Cumberland Road) was built of crushed stone. Opened in 1818, it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling, W.Va., following in part the Native American trail known as Nemacolin's PathNemacolin's Path
, Native American trail between the Potomac and the Monongahela rivers, going from the site of Cumberland, Md., to the mouth of Redstone Creek, where Brownsville, Pa., is situated.
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. Largely through the efforts of Henry Clay it was continued (1825–33) westward through Ohio, using part of the road built by Ebenezer Zane. By this time the older part of the road was badly in need of repair. Control of the road was therefore turned over to the states through which it passed, where tolls for maintenance were collected. It was carried on to Vandalia, Ill., and finally to St. Louis. The old route became part of U.S. Highway 40. At points on the road copies of a statue called the Madonna of the Trail have been erected to honor the pioneer women who went West over the National Road.

Bibliography

See P. D. Jordan, The National Road (1948).

References in periodicals archive ?
In a speech on the occasion of the National Road Safety Day, El Othmani pointed out that road deaths fell by 2.
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23 because of the Metro Manila Film Festival (MMFF) Parade of Stars that will pass through the National Road.
He said the National Road Safety Plan will be finalized with the consultation of all other stakeholders before submission to competent authority for approval.
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The two loans were issued to Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego (BGK) on behalf of the National Road Fund and the Republic of Poland.
He said spending on the national road network will increase by 11 per cent this year to pounds 264 million.
Contract award notice: "construction of the gaski beltway along the national road no.
Bonifacio said the DPWH here has alsoinformed said building owner to refrain from using the portion of the sidewalk of the national road as an extension as it is likewise in violation of the law.

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