Odyssey

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Related to The Odyssey: The Iliad

Odyssey

(ŏd`ĭsē): see HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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Odyssey

 

a poem about the travels of Odysseus), an ancient Greek epic poem which, together with the Iliad, has been attributed to Homer.

The poem was completed somewhat later than the Iliad, which it complements but of which it is not a direct continuation. Like the Iliad, the Odyssey was written in hexameter. Later, it was divided by classical bookmakers into 24 books. In contrast to the Iliad, with its heroic themes, the Odyssey contains material drawn primarily from everyday life and fables. The hero is a composite of intellectual and moral qualities. In world folklore a widely encountered hero is the husband who returns to his homeland unrecognized after long years of wandering and arrives on the day of his wife’s remarriage. In the Odyssey, this popular heroic theme is embodied in Odysseus, a participant in the Trojan campaign. Interwoven with this theme is part of another: a son’s search for his father. The sociopolitical and ideological processes of the establishment of a slaveholding society and state in Greece were reflected even in early versions of the Odyssey.

In antiquity, the Odyssey was less highly valued than the Iliad, although both were used as basic educational texts. Both the Odyssey and the Iliad provided Goethe, F. Schiller, and W. Humboldt with material for their theories of the epic. The first Russian prose translations of the Odyssey were completed at the end of the 18th century. V. A. Zhukovskii finished the first Russian verse translation of the work in 1849. The standard modern translation in verse was done by V. V. Veresaev (published posthumously, 1953).

EDITIONS

Homeri carmina, part 2: Homeri Odyssea, vols. 1–2. Translated by A. Ludwich. Leipzig, 1889–91.
The Odyssey of Homer, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Edited by W. B. Stanford. London-New York, 1959. (With commentary.)
In Russian translation:
Gomer, Odisseia. Moscow, 1953.

REFERENCES

Egunov, A. N. Gomer v russkikh perevodakh XVIII-XIX vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Merkelbach, R. Untersuchungen zur Odyssee. Munich, 1951.
Page, D. L. The Homeric Odyssey. Oxford, 1955.
Stanford, W. B. The Ulysses Theme. 2nd ed. Oxford, 1963.
Finley, M. I. The World of Odysseus. New York, 1965.

Odyssey

Homer’s long, narrative poem centered on Odysseus. [Gk. Lit.: Odyssey]
See: Epic

Odyssey

concerning Odysseus’s difficulties in getting home after war. [Gk. Myth.: Odyssey]
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the themes discussed are hospitality, survival, wealth, reputation and immortality, the Olympian gods, self-reliance and community, civility, behavior, etiquette and technology, ease, inactivity and stagnation, Penelope's relationship with Odysseus, Telemachus' journey, Odysseus' rejection of Calypso's offer of immortality, Odysseus' lies, Homer's use of the House of Atreus and other myths, the cinematic qualities of the epic's structure, women's role in the epic, and the Odyssey's true ending.
The Odyssey Cup, which is the third race in the racing order, is also the feature event, combined scale order II and III and will be contested over five five furlongs.
Critique: An impressively candid and inherently interesting read from beginning to end, "Triumph Over Tragedy: The Odyssey of an Academic Physician" is unreservedly recommended for both community and academic library Contemporary American Biography collections.
At the center, above, is a folding nine-inch screen that highlights the Odyssey's grandiose entertainment system.
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Without requiring the removal of heavy, bulky interior seats, the Odyssey also offers the maximum cargo room -- 148.5 cubic feet -- among seven- or eight-passenger vans.
More than 100 people were attended by medics, and 18 subsequently taken to hospital, in and around the Odyssey Arena, where Dutch DJ Hardwell was playing to a crowd of 10,000 fans.
For 2014, the Odyssey continA[degrees] ues with its successful model grade which includes the wellA[degrees] equipped base LX model, the leather trimmed EXA[degrees]L and the feaA[degrees] ture packed Touring.
In each of its generations, the Odyssey has been ahead of the times in providing new minivan value.
The Odyssey expedition has so far managed to recover an estimated 43 percent of the total lost silver treasure.
Thoroughly refreshed for 2014, the Odyssey Touring Elite provides core safety upgrades, sharpened exterior styling and a revised interior with a host of new features and technologies designed to make the segment's benchmark minivan even better.
The Odyssey Solutions LLC booth will also have giveaways and raffles for all visitors.

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