Rosetta Stone

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Rosetta Stone:

see under RosettaRosetta
, former name of Rashid
, city (1986 pop. 51,789), N Egypt, in the Nile River delta. The city once dominated the region's rice market; rice milling and fish processing are the main industries of modern Rashid. Founded in the 9th cent.
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Rosetta Stone

 

a basalt slab with identical inscriptions in Egyptian hieroglyphics and demotic writing and in Greek. It was discovered in 1799 by the Frenchman Bouchard (Bous-sard), an officer of the French Army in Egypt, during the construction of Fort St. Julien, near Rosetta (Rashid) on the western arm of the Nile in the Nile delta. The stone is now in London’s British Museum. The texts were inscribed in 196 B. C. by Egyptian priests and represent an expression of thanks to Ptolemy V Epiphanes, who ruled from 204 B.C. to 180 B.C. Attempts to decipher the Egyptian texts were undertaken by the French orientalist Sylvestre de Sacy, the Swedish diplomat J. D. Akerblad, and the English physicist T. Young. The hieroglyphic text was deciphered by J.-F. Champollion in 1822, thus marking the beginning of the study of Egyptian hieroglyphics.

REFERENCE

Livshits, I. G. “Deshifrovka egipetskikh ieroglifov Shampol’onom.” In J.-F. Champollion, O egipetskom ieroglificheskom alfavite. Leningrad, 1950. (Translated from French.)

Rosetta Stone

inscribed in three languages; key to hieroglyphics. [Fr. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 935]
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, SourceNext plans to expand the Rosetta Stone brand in Japan beyond education software to other products and technologies across media, services, devices, learning programs, and online communities.
By cracking the Rosetta Stone code, Champollion revealed the key to ancient Egypt's secrets and opened up the history of one of the world's oldest civilisations.
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The Rosetta Stone and the Rebirth of Ancient Egypt.
The Rosetta Stone was used in the deciphering of which ancient script?
Scientists hope that data from the mission, named after the Rosetta Stone that helped unlock the secrets of ancient Egyptian writing, will help reveal conditions in the primordial solar system, before the planets formed.
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The Rosetta Stone process is called Dynamic Immersion[TM], and it builds progressively from words to phrases to sentences with images and sounds as the basis.