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a region of NE Italy, on the Adriatic: mountainous in the north with a fertile plain in the south, crossed by the Rivers Po, Adige, and Piave. Capital: Venice. Pop.: 4 577 408 (2003 est.). Area: 18 377 sq. km (7095 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Venetia), an area in northeastern Italy, on the coast of the Gulf of Venice on the Adriatic Sea. Divided into seven provinces: Belluno, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venezia, Verona, and Vicenza. Area, 18,400 sq km; population, 4,054,000 (1969). The largest cities (population more than 200,000) are Venice (administrative center), Verona, and Padua.

Veneto is situated in the eastern part of the Venetian Plain and on the slopes of the Venetian Alps (elevations over 3,000 m). The shores of the plain are strongly indented. The rivers of Veneto are the Piave, Brenta, and Adige, and partially the Po. The average January temperature of the plain is about 3° C; the average June temperature is about 23° C. Annual precipitation is about 750 mm (up to 2,000 mm in the mountains). The mountains have broad-leaved and coniferous trees and meadows.

After World War II (1939-45), there was substantial industrial development in Veneto. Industry (including construction) employs 43 percent of the economically active population (1961); agriculture, 25 percent. Prominent industries are machine building (hydroturbines, pumps, compressors, machine tools, and agricultural machines) and metalworking (96,400 workers) and textiles (51,500 workers), especially the production of woolen fabrics (in the cities of Schio, Valdagno, Thiene, and Piovene Rocchette). Nonferrous metallurgy (primarily in the area of the city of Venice, producing 90 percent of the country’s alumina, more than one-third of the aluminum, and about one-third of the zinc), shipbuilding, petroleum refining, petrochemistry, coke-oven chemistry, mineral fertilizer production, ferrous metallurgy, and the traditional manufacture of glass, glasswares, and mosaic and filigree ornaments are concentrated in Veneto. Other industries are woodworking and food. The main agricultural crops grown on the plain are wheat (the 1967 harvest was 734,000 tons), corn (its harvest—1,124,000 tons—puts it in first place in the country), sugar beets (2,591,000 tons—second place in Italy after Emilia-Romagna), hemp, tobacco, rice, leguminous plants, and potatoes. There are also vineyards (harvest, 1,398,000 tons), fruit orchards (apples), olive groves, production of wine (9,982,000 hectoliters), and sericulture (particularly in Treviso Province). There is livestock raising (1,211,000 head of cattle, 279,000 hogs, and 39,000 sheep) in the mountainous part of Veneto. There is fishing in coastal waters (the port of Chioggia). Venice and Lake Garda are tourist centers.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"An important part of the Veneto experience, for us, is that we don't only want people to come and fill their stomachs.
Finozzi observed that the purpose of his visit was to promote bilateral trade and tourism and underscore the importance of the Veneto region to the regional travel trade during a session highlighting Veneto's nature, history, art, culture and entertainment that make it an unforgettable holiday destination.
His father Giulio, was one of the founders of the Liga Veneta, the largest regional political party in the Veneto.
The The Veneto Hotel & Casino is an existing hotel built in 2005 on a 1.14-acre site and is currently the most modern casino in Panama and Latin America, with over 45,000 s/f of state-of-the-art gaming space including 511 slot machines and 42 tables.
"Though we're stopping at 34 floors, the sky has always been the limit for The Veneto, a modern classic that is just what upscale New Yorkers are looking for," says Susan M.
The consortium could provide EUR1.2bn for the Veneto banks and pave the way for a state-led rescue of the two lenders.
The Veneto is a brilliant new presence rising on Manhattan's East Side within steps of the fashionable East 50s.
neither powerful nor powerless" (xiii) in the Veneto of the Quattrocento.