Winter Olympic Games

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Winter Olympic Games


the largest international combined winter sports competition. The Winter Olympic Games take place once every four years, the same year as the regular Olympics. The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924; the second, in Saint Moritz, Switzerland (1928); the third, in Lake Placid, USA (1932); the fourth, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (1936); the fifth, in Saint Moritz (1948); the sixth, in Oslo, Norway (1952); the seventh, in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy (1956); the eighth, in Squaw Valley, California, USA (I960); the ninth, in Innsbruck, Austria (1964); the tenth, in Grenoble, France (1968); and the 11th, in Sapporo, Japan (1972).

The Winter Olympics program, which has undergone several changes during the history of the games, includes competition in the biathlon (individual competitions and 4 x 7.5 km relay races with shooting), Alpine skiing (downhill, slalom, and giant slalom), bobsledding, luge, Nordic skiing (cross-country races, ski jumping, and Nordic combined—a 15-km race and ski jumping), speed skating, figure skating, and ice hockey.

Norwegian and Soviet athletes haye had the greatest successes at the Winter Olympics. Since 1956, Soviet athletes have taken part in all events of the Winter Olympics program, with the exception of bobsledding and, until 1972, luge. At the seventh through llth Winter Olympics, Soviet athletes won 38 gold, 26 silver, and 27 bronze medals. Among the winners at the Winter Olympics have been 91 Soviet athletes, including L. P. Skoblikova (six gold medals) and E. R. Grishin (four gold medals) in speed skating; K. S. Boiarskikh, G. A. Kulakova (three gold medals each) and V. P. Vedenin (two gold medals) in skiing; V. F. Mamatov and A. I. Tikhonov in the biathlon; and L. E. Belousova and O. A. Protopopov in figure skating (two gold medals each). The Soviet ice hockey team has been a four-time Winter Olympics champion; three of those times the team has included the hockey players V. S. Davydov, V. R. Kuz’kin, A. P. Pagulin, and A. V. Firsov; and twice the players V. V. Aleksandrov, V. I. Vikulov, O. A. Zaitsev, V. V. Zimin, V. S. Konovalenko, B. A. Maiorov, E. D. Mishakov, I. A. Romishevskii, and V. I. Starshinov.


References in periodicals archive ?
For the Winter Olympics to be a truly global event it has to come south where the Anzac spirit could add a new ethos to the Games.
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In 1997, Korea makes a bid to host the 2002 Winter Olympics but the International Olympic Committee (IOC) judges wonder how Korea, without having its own national ski jump team, could host the Winter Olympics.
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It is the first time when two Pakistanis have qualified for the Winter Olympics.
The Pyongyang born North Korean skating duo qualified for for the Winter Olympics in September, but missed the deadline to register in October.
North and South Korea had agreed to hold follow-up discussions regarding North KoreaAaAaAeAcs participation in the Winter Olympics after the two Kore last week held their first formal dialogue in more than two years amid high tensions over the NorthAaAaAeAcs missile and nuclear program
Since the beginning of major international sporting events like the Summer Olympics (1896), the Winter Olympics (1924) and the World Cup (1930), many countries literally run from pillar to post to host these events.
SAI has pumped in close to ` 60- 70lakh on Shiva's training and exposure trips for the Winter Olympics, but unfortunately, the investment has not provided the desired results.
Turkey has never before won a medal at the Winter Olympics, something its current athletes would love to change this year, but the competition is stiff for a country not known for its winter sports.
WITH debates over human rights and security, it's easy to forget that some sport will break out when the Winter Olympics begins on Thursday in Sochi.
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