Wright brothers

(redirected from The Wright Brothers)
Also found in: Financial.
The Wright brothers
Orville: printer/publisher, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer
Wilbur: editor, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer

Wright brothers,

American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind. Their interest in aviation was aroused in the 1890s by the German engineer Otto LilienthalLilienthal, Otto
, 1848–96, German aeronautical engineer, a pioneer in his experiments with gliders. He made major developments in the glider based on his observations of birds and wrote a number of books on aviation.
..... Click the link for more information.
's glider flights. Excellent mechanics, the Wrights used the facilities of the bicycle repair shop and factory which they operated (1892–1904) at Dayton for the construction of their early aircraft. By experimenting with movable portions of the wing assembly, rather than shifts in bodily weight, as a means of correcting the aircraft's position in flight they made an important improvement in aircraft design. During this period they also drew up valuable tables of wind pressure and drift. An engine was designed by Orville, and they constructed and attached it to their improved glider.

On Dec. 17, 1903, they made near Kitty Hawk, N.C., with its steady, moderate winds and long, soft beach, the first controlled, sustained flights in a power-driven airplaneairplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Of their four flights on that day, the first, made by Orville, lasted 12 sec, and the fourth, by Wilbur, covered 852 ft (259 m) in 59 sec. The brothers continued their experiments at Dayton and built several biplanes. Record-breaking flights in 1908 by Orville in the United States and by Wilbur in France brought them worldwide fame. In 1909 the U.S. government accepted the Wright machine for army use, and the brothers established the Wright Company. The house where Orville was born and the bicycle-shop laboratory have been restored and were moved to Greenfield Village, Mich.


See their papers, ed. by M. W. McFarland (2 vol., 1953); C. P. Graves, The Wright Brothers (1973); P. Degan and L. Wescott, Wind and Sand (1983); F. Howard, Wilbur and Orville (1988); L. E. Tise, Conquering the Sky (2009); D. McCullough, The Wright Brothers (2015); bibliography ed. by A. G. Renstrom (1968).

Wright brothers

creators-aviators of first manned aircraft (1903). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 563]

Wright Brothers

(Wilbur, 1867–1912) (Orville, 1871–1948) made the first controlled, sustained flight in a power-driven airplane (1903). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 3012]
See: Firsts
References in periodicals archive ?
Through their own research and experimentation, and by studying the attempts of other would-be pilots, the Wright brothers knew that heavier-than-air flight was possible.
Kept Alive by the Postman": The Wright Brothers and 1st Lt.
Now he completes the trilogy with The Wright Brothers.
The Wright Brothers National Memorial Visitor Center was designated a National Historic Landmark on January 3, 2001.
The Wright Brothers Award is presented each year to an individual whose contributions to the aviation industry reflect on the aviation community.
And while most people know the basic story of these two brothers from Ohio who are credited with inventing and building the world's first airplane, The Wright Brothers by David McCullough provides a much more personal and comprehensive account of their story.
While much of The Wright Brothers will be familiar to aviation history aficionados, McCullough has apparently unearthed one previously untold morsel from a seminal moment in Wilbur's childhood.
national museum oF FliGht Explore an aircraft collection that tells the story of flight from the Wright Brothers to Concorde.
Windsurfers harness the breezes, sun seekers build sand castles and swim in the sea, and aviation buffs, families, and school groups make the pilgrimage to the Wright Brothers National Memorial, where they can see full-scale reproductions of the 1902 glider and 1903 machine and the engine crankcase from the original 1903 Flyer.
The Wright brothers made the longest flight yet, lasting 38 minutes
When the Wright Brothers lifted off at Kitty Hawk in 1903, they flew a plane with two sets of wings, one below the other.
Looks like Mother Nature beat the Wright Brothers to the punch.