Yalta Conference

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Yalta Conference,

meeting (Feb. 4–11, 1945), at Yalta, Crimea, USSR, of British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillChurchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer,
1874–1965, British statesman, soldier, and author; son of Lord Randolph Churchill. Early Career

Educated at Harrow and Sandhurst, he became (1894) an officer in the 4th hussars.
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, U.S. President Franklin Delano RooseveltRoosevelt, Franklin Delano
, 1882–1945, 32d President of the United States (1933–45), b. Hyde Park, N.Y. Early Life

Through both his father, James Roosevelt, and his mother, Sara Delano Roosevelt, he came of old, wealthy families.
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, and Soviet Premier Joseph StalinStalin, Joseph Vissarionovich
, 1879–1953, Soviet Communist leader and head of the USSR from the death of V. I. Lenin (1924) until his own death, b. Gori, Georgia.
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. Most of the important decisions made remained secret until the end of World War II for military or political reasons; the complete text of all the agreements was not disclosed until 1947. The Yalta conferees confirmed the policy adopted at the Casablanca ConferenceCasablanca Conference,
Jan. 14–24, 1943, World War II meeting of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Casablanca, French Morocco.
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 of demanding Germany's unconditional surrender. Plans were made for dividing Germany into four zones of occupation (American, British, French, and Soviet) under a unified control commission in Berlin, for war crimes trials, and for a study of the reparations question. Agreement was also reached on reorganizing the Polish Lublin government (supported by Stalin) "on a broader democratic basis" that would include members of Poland's London government-in-exile, which the Western Allies had supported. The conferees decided to ask China and France to join them in sponsoring the founding conference of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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 to be convened in San Francisco on Apr. 25, 1945; agreement was reached on using the veto system of voting in the projected Security Council. Future meetings of the foreign ministers of the "Big Three" were planned. The USSR secretly agreed to enter the war against Japan within three months of Germany's surrender and was promised S Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, and an occupation zone in Korea. The secret agreement respecting the disposal of Japan's holdings also provided that the port of Dalian (Dairen) should be internationalized, that Port Arthur should be restored to its status before the 1904–5 Russo-Japanese WarRusso-Japanese War,
1904–5, imperialistic conflict that grew out of the rival designs of Russia and Japan on Manchuria and Korea. Russian failure to withdraw from Manchuria and Russian penetration into N Korea were countered by Japanese attempts to negotiate a division of
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 as a Russian naval base, and that the Manchurian railroads should be under joint Chinese-Soviet administration. China later protested that it was not informed of these decisions concerning its territory and that its sovereignty was infringed. The United States and Great Britain also agreed to recognize the autonomy of Outer Mongolia, and to admit Ukraine and Belorussia (Belarus) to the United Nations as full members. The Yalta agreements were disputed even before the Potsdam ConferencePotsdam Conference,
meeting (July 17–Aug. 2, 1945) of the principal Allies in World War II (the United States, the USSR, and Great Britain) to clarify and implement agreements previously reached at the Yalta Conference.
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 later in 1945. The subsequent outbreak of the cold war and Soviet successes in Eastern Europe led to much criticism in the United States of the Yalta Conference and of Roosevelt, who was accused of delivering Eastern Europe to Communist domination.


See studies by R. Buhite (1986), F. J. Harbutt (2010), and S. M. Plokhy (2010).

Yalta Conference

Allies developed plan for reconstruction of Europe (February, 1945). [World Hist.: Van Doren, 504]
References in periodicals archive ?
Part 1 of the book, "The Best I Could Do," is concerned with the Yalta Conference during the second month of 1945.
After the Yalta Conference in 1945 Poland found itself forced in to Stalin's sphere of influence - again, the Poles felt betrayed by the West - and the socialist realism architecture of the incongruously-named Palace of Science and Culture which still dominates the Warsaw skyline was a "gift" from the Soviet Union.
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And while carving up post-war Europe at the Yalta Conference in 1945, he was pictured tucking into a vast pot of caviar with gusto.
The sad thing is that all throughout the war, the Polish forces were promised a free, liberated Poland we could return to after the fighting; but we were sold out to Stalin by Churchill and Roosevelt at the Yalta Conference in 1945.
Stalin chose the venue, which became known as The Yalta Conference, and Tsar Nikolai ll's state study was used by Roosevelt as a bedroom.
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This article will use primary source and other documents to examine two defining moments chosen from twentieth century presidencies to illuminate the complex issues surrounding foreign affairs: President Wilson's support for the League of Nations and President Roosevelt's agreement with Churchill and Stalin at the Yalta Conference.
Professor Holmes himself points to the example of Alger Hiss, who 'was certainly not speaking the whole truth when he was interviewed for the series' but then Hiss was being interviewed principally about the Yalta conference and not about his alleged spying activities on behalf of the Soviet Union.
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Official State Department records of the Yalta Conference reveal that my father took a firm anti-Soviet stance at Yalta, strongly opposing a deal granting "extra" U.
British physical theatre artist Andrew Dawson performs Absence & Presence (also appearing at the Adelaide Fringe--see above); and Japan's renowned Seinendan Company presents two short plays written and directed by Oriza Hirata: The Yalta Conference, a black comedy that has Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt carving up Europe over tea and cookies; and Ronin Office Ladies, which transposes a classic Samurai epic into a corporate lunchroom setting.