Deccan Plateau

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Deccan Plateau


(from Sanskrit dakshin, or south), a plateau covering the interior of the Hindustan peninsula, between the Narmada River on the north and the Cauvery River on the south. The plateau covers about 1 million sq km. Its surface is raised at the edges and tilted eastward, so that most rivers cross the plateau from west to east and empty into the Bay of Bengal. The plateau’s relief is determined by broad expanses of Mesozoic and Paleo-Neocene outcrops reaching respectively 1,000-1,500, 600-900, and 300-500 m. There are also laterite crusts reaching as high as 100 m, above which rise insular mountains of 1,000-2,000 m with domed peaks. The northwestern part of the Deccan plateau is typified by stepped plateau denudational structures in the relief. The river valleys in the central regions are broad, and those on the borders of the plateau are narrow and precipitous. Geologically, the Deccan plateau forms part of the Indian platform, which is composed chiefly of Archean and Proterozoic gneisses, crystalline schists and quartzites, partially alternating with granite intrusions. In the northwest there are basalt mantles (traps) of the upper Cretaceous and Eocene epochs, ranging in thickness from 1,500 to 1,800 m and covering about 520,000 sq km. There are deposits of iron, copper, manganese, tungsten, gold, and coal.

The climate of the Deccan plateau is subequatorial monsoon. The basic seasons are a dry, cool period (November to February), a hot, dry period (March and April), and a hot, rainy period (May to October). Annual precipitation in the central region is 500-700 mm and on the windward slopes 2,500-3,000 mm. The maximum rain falls in the summer. The average temperature in May, the warmest month, is 29°-32°C, and in January is 21°-24°C. The rivers Narmada, Mahānadī, Godāvari, Cauvery, and the others have a monsoon profile. The predominant soil types are red laterites, reddish-brown soils, and on traps, black tropical soils, or regurs. Zonal types of landscape are monsoon deciduous forests on the windward slopes, dry savanna and sparse forests in the central region, and arid savannas in the west, in the rain shadow of the western Ghats. Virgin forests are preserved on 10-15 percent of the territory, mainly on mountain slopes and hills. They are mainly teak, sal, ironwood, and bamboo. About 60 percent of the territory is cultivated. There are more than 150,000 reservoirs for irrigation and water supply. The basic agricultural crops are grains, beans, oil-bearing plants, and cotton. The remaining territory is a heavily used grazing area, which includes the secondary thin forest, scrub growth, and jungles.


Zarubezhnaia Aziia: Fizicheskaia geografiia. Moscow, 1956.
Riabchikov, A. M. Priroda Indii. Moscow, 1950.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Their homes ranged from Howrah of the railway people to abandoned cantonments like Monghyr and Chunar; lost tea-gardens Shillong-way; villages where their fathers were large landholders in Oudh or the Deccan; Mission-stations a week from the nearest railway line; seaports a thousand miles south, facing the brazen Indian surf; and cinchona-plantations south of all.
The Deccan Delight menu is a smorgasbord of popular dishes from the region with chef recommendations including the Patthar Ka Gosht, essentially lamb slices sprinkled with pepper and tenderised with papaya that are marinated with spices and cooked to perfection on a stone slab over a coal fire.
The Deccan Queen, initially, had only first class and second class accommodation.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Scientists have obtained more precise dates for the Deccan Traps volcanic lava flows, linking peak activity more closely to the asteroid or comet impact 66 million years ago and the coincident mass extinction.
According to Arup Sen, Director, Special Projects, Cox and Kings, 'The Deccan Odyssey has surpassed the definition of luxury with its unparalleled service and stunning design that not only offers unimaginable comfort but also a rare window to tour India.
LAHORE:In the second part of this article in the previous issue of this publication, I narrated events surrounding the appointment of Nizam-ul-Mulk as subedar of the Deccan for a period of about two years, before the intrigues in the court of Emperor Farrukhsiyyar resulted in his recall and replacement by Hussain Ali Khan, the younger of the kingmaker Syed brothers.
But scientists have also pointed to another culprit: the Deccan Traps in present-day India, one of the largest volcanic provinces in the world, which just happened to be going gangbusters at the time of the extinction event.
Around this time, the Deccan eruptions in India belched gas and oozed more than 1.3 million cubic kilometers of lava and rock.
Now, the Board has decided to debit ` 2.33 crore to the Deccan Chronicle Holdings Limited ( DCHL) towards the police security bill raised for the 2010 IPL matches played there.
The franchise fee represents a premium of over a 100% above the amount paid by the Deccan Chargers owners for the Hyderabad franchise in 2008.
SINGAPORE: ICC cricketer of the year Kumar Sangakkara has backed the Indian cricket board to resolve the crisis surrounding the Deccan Chargers after the terminated Twenty20 franchise found new owners on Friday.