Theaceae


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Related to Theaceae: Caricaceae

Theaceae

[thē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous erect trees or shrubs in the order Theales characterized by alternate, exstipulate leaves, usually five petals, and mostly numerous stamens.

Theaceae

 

(Camelliaceae, Ternstroemiaceae), a family of dicotyledonous trees and shrubs. The evergreen leaves are alternate, simple, mostly leathery, and exstipulate. The regular flowers are usually bisexual, often solitary, and axillary or apical. Many species have large red, white, or, less frequently, other colored flowers. There are five or, less commonly, six or seven sepals; there are five or, rarely, four or more than five petals. There are usually numerous stamens. The gynoecium consists of three to five carpels (rarely two or ten). The ovary is usually superior. The fruits may be capsules, dry indehiscent fruits, drupes, or berries.

There are approximately 550 species, belonging to about 30 genera, distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The tea plant has great commercial importance, and the camellia is grown as an ornamental. Some species are grown for their wood.

References in periodicals archive ?
Except the species of Fagaceae, Theaceae and Lauraceae commonly in evergreen broad-leaved forests, it is characterized by higher numbers of Euphorbiaceae and Rubiaceae species and also features megaphanerophytes, compound and entire leaved species, and fewer hemicryptophytes in physiognomy.
Leaf and stem anatomical morpho-diagnosis of Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Theaceae. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, v.6, p.545-551, 2006.
Ochoterena, "Phylogenetic relationships of the genera of Theaceae based on morphology," Cladistics, vol.
Associated with plants of Pedocarpaceae, Theaceae and Taxaceae in southern china.
49 Withania Solanaceae Arshagandha Whole somnifera (L.) plant Dunal 50 Schima Theaceae Konok dustor Leaf wallichii (DC.) Korth.
It is obtained from the nonfermented leaves of Camellia sinensis belonging to family Theaceae, which contains more catechins than black tea or oolong tea.
The species belonging to the early successional functional group include Castanopsis fissa (Fagaceae), Schima superba (Theaceae), and Evodia glabrifolia (Rutaceae), while those belonging to the late successional group include Michelia mediocris (Magnoliaceae), Alseodaphne hainanensis (Lauraceae), and Beilschmiedia laevis (Lauraceae).
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (Figure 5), [(2R, 3R)-5, 7-dihydroxy-2-(3, 4, 5-trihydroxyphenyl)-3, 4-dihydro-2H-chromen-3-yl]3, 4, 5-trihydroxyben-zoate, commonly abbreviated as EGCG, is an ingredient of green tea, Camellia sinensis (Theaceae).
lanceolata, other sclerophyllous forest, and Theaceae was relatively large, reaching 16,457.6 ha, 1,951.02 ha, and 12.42 ha, respectively.
A Camellia sinensis, pertencente a familia Theaceae, e uma arvore que pode alcancar varios metros de altura, nativa da China cultivada em mais de 30 paises (Sharangi, 2009).
The forest is a mid-mountain moist evergreen broad-leaved forest, in which Fagaceae, Lauraceae, Magnoliaceae and Theaceae are the dominant species with an average height of 9-9.8 m and stem area at breast height 125-138 [cm.sup.2] (He et al.
Camellia sinensis is the tea plant belongs to family Theaceae. A number of polyphenols have been isolated.