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Criminal law the dishonest taking of property belonging to another person with the intention of depriving the owner permanently of its possession
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Russian, krazha), in criminal law, the secret stealing of property. The secrecy with which the property is taken, implying that the criminal is confident that his actions are not observed by the victim or other people, distinguishes theft from grabezh (open stealing) and robbery.

In the USSR the criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate liability for theft with the intent to gain possession of state or social property and theft with the intent to gain possession of personal property (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 89 and 144). Stricter punishment is prescribed for the theft of state or social property than for the theft of personal property. Liability for the theft of state or social property on an especially large scale or for the petty theft of such property is established by special norms (for example, arts. 931 and 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR).

Under the law the circumstances aggravating liability for theft are repeated theft, theft by a group of people in accordance with a prior agreement, theft using technical means (the latter only in the criminal codes of the RSFSR, Georgian SSR, and Tadzhik SSR), and theft causing significant loss to the victim (in theft of personal property). Especially aggravating circumstances are the commission of theft by a particularly dangerous recidivist or on a large scale (in theft of state or social property).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A senior detective said: "The theif, or thieves, went straight to an upstairs bedrom where both key and safe were kept."
ekagarikah: aikagarikat caure, (The word ekagarika means 'a theif'); ekagaram sodha, (there are six types of ekagaram); ekam asahayam agaram prayojanam asya jighamsor aikagarika iti, (the killer or the terrorist who has a lone motive, and thus he is called aikagarika); mumusisor aikagarika iti va (the desirous of stealing is also otherwise called aikagarika); Aikagarika lexically means just a person who has a lone abode.
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The muskrat was not his, so he had to be a thief, and an American theif, at that.
Half of the survey respondents said theif institutions use the Internet.
Since many PINs have only four digits (and few use more than six), it's a matter of trial and error before the theif uncovers a valid number.
I look at this as a fitness program," Robert Bennett, a 19-year-old theif, told the Los Angeles Times.