Theobald Wolfe Tone

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tone, Theobald Wolfe


Born June 20, 1763, in Dublin; died there Nov. 19, 1798. Irish revolutionary and democrat.

In 1791, Tone helped found the United Irishmen, a society of patriotic revolutionaries. He campaigned tirelessly for the independence of Ireland, for civil, political, and religious equality, and for the establishment of a democratic Irish republic. In 1795, after the society was outlawed, Tone was forced to leave Ireland. He went first to the United States and then to France. There, both before and during the Irish Rebellion of 1798, he sought to persuade the French government to send an invasion force to Ireland in aid of the insurgents. After the rebellion was suppressed, Tone was seized aboard a French warship and taken to Dublin, where he was sentenced to be hanged. On the eve of his scheduled execution, however, Tone attempted suicide and died several days later.


The Autobiography, vols. 1–2. London, 1893.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.