Theobromine

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theobromine

[‚thē·ə′brō‚mēn]
(organic chemistry)
C7H8N4O2 A toxic alkaloid found in cocoa, chocolate products, tea, and cola nuts; closely related to caffeine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theobromine

 

(3, 7-dimethylxanthine), an alkaloid of the purine group.

Theobromine is found in the beans of the cacao (Theobromacacao), where its content reaches 1.8 percent. It is a colorless crystalline substance with a bitter taste and only slight solubility in water. Theobromine is a spasmolytic and smooth muscle relaxant. It is used in medicine in cases of spasm of the blood vessels of the heart and brain, and also as a diuretic. Theobromine differs from caffeine, to which it is closely related in structure, in that its effect on the central nervous system is substantially less marked. Theobromine is obtained from cacao beans or is synthesized chemically. It is a constituent of Teofedrin and other compound preparations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The collection of Hebeloma theobrominum collected from Pakistan is characterized macroscopically by the reddish brown basidiomata and microscopically, by the elliptical basidiospores, which are highly dextrinoid in Melzer's reagent.