Theocritus


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Theocritus

(thēŏk`rĭtəs), fl. c.270 B.C., Hellenistic Greek poet, b. Syracuse. The history of the pastoralpastoral,
literary work in which the shepherd's life is presented in a conventionalized manner. In this convention the purity and simplicity of shepherd life is contrasted with the corruption and artificiality of the court or the city.
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 begins with him, and in him the form seems to have reached its height. His poetic style is finished and at times artificial, but the bucolic characters in his idyls seem alive. Theocritus has been widely imitated (e.g., by such poets as Vergil and Spenser).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theocritus

 

Born late fourth century B.C.; died first half of the third century B.C. Greek poet.

Theocritus was a native of either Syracuse in Sicily or the island of Cos. He invented the idyll and introduced the shepherd longing for love as a stock figure. Theocritus’ depictions of city dwellers are in the tradition of Sophron’s mimes. The interest the poet took in the daily life of ordinary people constitutes the artistic and thematic importance of his work. Theocritus was consistent in his compositional form, using dialogues or stories told in song. His style is sometimes sophisticated in its treatment of mythology and sometimes deliberately naive. Approximately 30 idylls attributed to Theocritus survive, but not all of them are considered genuine.

PUBLICATIONS

Theocritus: Works, vols. 1–2. Edited with a translation and commentary by A. S. F. Gow. Cambridge, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Feokrit, Moskh, Bion: Idillii i epigrammy. Translation and commentary by M. E. Grabar’-Passek. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCE

Radtsig, S. I. Istoriia drevnegrecheskoi literatury, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Theocritus

poet; rhapsodized over charm of rustic life. [Gk. Lit.: Brewer Dictionary, 813]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Theocritus

?310--?250 bc, Greek poet, born in Syracuse. He wrote the first pastoral poems in Greek literature and was closely imitated by Virgil
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
To cite a recent example, Gutzwiller states: "Yet the reader may recognize that Daphnis, like Diomedes, dares to resist the power of the goddess, so that the cowherd's determination to die, his passive resistance, attains the aura of heroic action" (Theocritus 99).
The plot structure is clearly connected to Greek romance, but the world in which the book exists is a pastoral one and uses many of the elements from that literary tradition, especially those from the Greek poet who invented the pastoral, Theocritus. Daphnis and Chloe are both born in a rural setting; their lives are sustained by the care and nurturing of a goat and a sheep.
Theocritus and His Native Muse: A Syracusan Among Many
Drosilla and Charikles is the most self-consciously literary of these Byzantine novels, weaving an intertextual web of references to Prodromos, Heliodorus, Achilles Tatius, Theocritus, the Greek Anthology, and the biblical Song of Songs.
The major claim is that the setting is unambiguously derived from the literary tradition (especially Theocritus and Sappho), but that this literary texture is complicated by elements from the 'real' world--perhaps this mixed constitution is in part responsible for the oscillation between 'soft' and 'hard' pastoral outlooks?
(4) In Idyll 24, Theocritus narrates a portentous episode from Hercules's infancy: his barehanded throttling of twin snakes sent by Hera.
Evans, the claiming king, must have had withdrawal symptoms as he won the claimer with Clear Sailing, who is living up to his name, having no problem in holding off market rival Theocritus, despite jibbing to his right into the straight.
For example, Gerard relies on Theocritus's reference to daffodils in a meadow, where Europa and her nymphs played, as the authority for the habitat of the flower.
2.10 CUT THE CACKLE, 2.45 LECEILE, 3.20 THEOCRITUS, 3.55 EXPRESS WISH, 4.30 SUBA, 5.05 SIGNOR PELTRO (NAP), 5.40 GHOST DANCER DOUBLE: SIGNOR PELTRO and SUBA
Pipe gained the second leg of his treble when Itsmyboy (12-1) took the Jewson Handicap Hurdle Final by a length from Theocritus, with Fandani eight lengths away in third and his treble came courtesy of another 12-1 shot in Whispered Secret, who took the Studd Challenge Cup Handicap Chase under Rodi Greene.
The prevailing voices, besides Glanvill's, are those of Homer, Herodotus, Theocritus, Virgil, Spencer, Milton, Gray, Goethe, Keats, and Tennyson.