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Theocritus(thēŏk`rĭtəs), fl. c.270 B.C., Hellenistic Greek poet, b. Syracuse. The history of the pastoralpastoral,
literary work in which the shepherd's life is presented in a conventionalized manner. In this convention the purity and simplicity of shepherd life is contrasted with the corruption and artificiality of the court or the city.
..... Click the link for more information. begins with him, and in him the form seems to have reached its height. His poetic style is finished and at times artificial, but the bucolic characters in his idyls seem alive. Theocritus has been widely imitated (e.g., by such poets as Vergil and Spenser).
Born late fourth century B.C.; died first half of the third century B.C. Greek poet.
Theocritus was a native of either Syracuse in Sicily or the island of Cos. He invented the idyll and introduced the shepherd longing for love as a stock figure. Theocritus’ depictions of city dwellers are in the tradition of Sophron’s mimes. The interest the poet took in the daily life of ordinary people constitutes the artistic and thematic importance of his work. Theocritus was consistent in his compositional form, using dialogues or stories told in song. His style is sometimes sophisticated in its treatment of mythology and sometimes deliberately naive. Approximately 30 idylls attributed to Theocritus survive, but not all of them are considered genuine.
PUBLICATIONSTheocritus: Works, vols. 1–2. Edited with a translation and commentary by A. S. F. Gow. Cambridge, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Feokrit, Moskh, Bion: Idillii i epigrammy. Translation and commentary by M. E. Grabar’-Passek. Moscow, 1958.