Theodor Fontane


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fontane, Theodor

 

Born Dec. 30, 1819, in Neuruppin; died Sept. 20, 1898, in Berlin. German writer.

Fontane began writing poetry in the late 1830’s. His ballads, written in the spirit of Scottish folk poetry, have had a considerable influence on German literature. Fontane gained experience writing realistic prose between the 1850’s and 1870’s, when he wrote essay collections and books about England, Scotland, and France and the four-volume collection of historical and ethnographical sketches Wanderings Through the Mark of Brandenburg (1862–82).

Despite a sympathetic attitude toward certain members of the Prussian nobility and its culture, the novellas Schach von Wuthenow (1883) and The Poggenpuhls (1896) and the novel The Little Thorn (Der Stechlin, 1899) portray the gradual, hopeless decay of the Junker class. Fontane criticized the bourgeoisie even more sharply in the novella L’Adultera (1882) and the novel Frau Jenny Treibel (1892). The novel Trials and Tribulations (1888) and especially the novella Stine (1888) reveal the essentially despotic character of the class prejudices dominating German society. Fontane’s novel Effi Briest (1895; Russian translation, 1960) is outstanding for its psychological depth. Fontane’s novels and novellas are the highest achievements of 19th-century German critical realism.

WORKS

Samtliche Werke, vols. 1–24. Edited by E. Gross et al. Munich, 1959–64.
Aufzeichnungen zur Literatur. Berlin-Weimar, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Shakhfon Vutenov, Puti-perepul’ia, Gospozha Zhenni Traibel’. Foreword by I. Fradkin. Moscow, 1971.

REFERENCES

Istoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968.
Mann, T. Starik Fontane. Sobr. soch., vol. 9. Moscow, 1960.
Schillemeit, J. Theodor Fontane: Geist und Kunst seines Alterswerks. Zürich, 1961.
Reuter, H. H. Theodor Fontane, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1968.
Fontanes Realismus. Berlin, 1972.

I. M. FRADKIN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nevertheless, nature, human nature, the human condition, and the connectedness of things is subtly reflected and depicted, for example, in Theodor Fontane's classic novel, Der Stechlin (1897), translated by Jane K.
German saxophonist has been a recipient of numerous grants and prizes, including complete scholarships for all his studies, the 2000 Theodor Fontane Award from the Stifterverband der Deutschen Wissenschaft, first prize at the 2001 European Jazz Competition in Getxo, Spain, the "Jazz In" prize awarded by Lower Saxony in 2005/2006, and grants for his compositions and other artistic work from the ministries of culture in Hannover and Berlin.
The books examined are Middlemarch by George Eliot; Effi Briest by Theodor Fontane; Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy; The GoldsmithAEs Gold by August Senoa; and Quo Vadis by Henryk Sienkiewicz.
Abrindo o quarto grupo tematico do livro, com cinco textos sobre perseguidos e excluidos, comecamos com "Os 'Passeios pelo Marco de Branderbugo' de Theodor Fontane", no qual Benjamin conta algo que, possivelmente, seus pequenos destinatarios nao sabiam: que os jovens do movimento Wandervogel, cansados da vida urbana, passaram a fazer caminhadas por Branderbugo e isso resultou em uma extensa serie de anedotas recolhidas por Fontane no seculo XIX, que compoem versoes peculiares da historia do local.
It had a considerable influence on German literature (one might mention Theodor Fontane and Margarete von Bucholtz), polemical writings during the revolution of 1848, and even sacred architecture.
Une quete de beaute et recherche des paysages feeriques, l'atmosphere a la lumiere du roman de Theodor Fontane.
Theodor Fontane's novel Effi Briest opens with an idyllic scene set at the Briest family residence in the fictional town of Hohen-Cremmen, Prussia.
The pathos of these events was well portrayed by two popular dramas authored by Ernst von Wildenbruch (Der Menonit) and Theodor Fontane (Quitt, a novel), both sources on which Jantzen draws.
Theodor Fontane. On Tangled Paths: An Everyday Berlin Story.
In this comparative study, Geoffrey Baker traces these tensions to post-Napoleonic Europe's new world order through an examination of works by Balzac, Anthony Trollope, and Theodor Fontane. Hardly neo-Virgilian celebrants of empire, these authors bear witness to the "modern disenchantment" associated with the loss of mystery and romance in an increasingly "mapped and known world" given over to exploration, empiricism, and "marketization" (194, 7, 84).