Theodor Herzl


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Related to Theodor Herzl: Balfour Declaration, Zionism
Theodor Herzl
Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Birthday
BirthplacePest, Kingdom of Hungary
Died
NationalityAustria-Hungary
Occupation
Journalist, playwright, writer, political activist
EducationLaw
Known for Father of modern political Zionism

Herzl, Theodor

(tā`ōdôr hĕr`tsəl), 1860–1904, Hungarian Jew, founder of modern ZionismZionism,
modern political movement for reconstituting a Jewish national state in Palestine. Early Years

The rise of the Zionist movement in the late 19th cent.
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. Sent to Paris as a correspondent for the Vienna Neue Frei Presse, he reported on the Dreyfus affair. Appalled by the vicious anti-Semitism he observed, he decided that Jewish assimilation in Europe was impossible and that the only solution to the Jewish problem was the establishment of a Jewish national state. He stated his ideas in his famous pamphlet, Der Judenstaat, first published in 1896. Herzl organized the first Zionist World Congress (1897) and served as its president from its inception until his death. In 1949 his body was moved from Vienna to Jerusalem, for burial with the highest honors by the Israeli nation.

Bibliography

See his diaries (ed. by R. Patai, tr. 1960); biographies by A. Bein (tr. 1962), D. Stewart (1974), and N. H. Finkelstein (1987); I. Friedman and H. M. Sacher, ed., Herzl's Political Activity, 1897–1904 (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
In his Diary, Theodor Herzl writes about the establishment of a Jewish state: "We should form there a portion of rampart of Europe against Asia, an outpost of civilization as opposed to barbarism.
Theodor Herzl, the person, is regarded as the father of Israel.
William Henry Hechler, a close friend of the founder of modern Zionism, Theodor Herzl, was the only non-Jewish person at the first Zionist Congress in Switzerland in 1897--and probably the first person called a "Christian Zionist," said Ateek.
Netanyahu sees himself in world historical terms and admires Theodor Herzl and Winston Churchill -- two men who saw dangers ahead of other people.
His outlook, therefore, combined that of David Ben-Gurion and Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leaders who were born in the shtetl, with that of the assimilated Theodor Herzl, the father of Zionism.
From Israel Prize recipient Shlomo Avineri comes Herzl's Vision, a timely, revealing, and immensely readable new biography of Theodor Herzl, who is credited with conceptualizing modern Zionism.
Pero ya en 1840, un noble judio ingles, Montefiore, se entiende con el primer ministro britanico Palmerston sobre un hogar nacional judio fuera de Europa, claro, y luego aparece Theodor Herzl que publica El Estado judio y ahi comienza el sionismo moderno y las maniobras de la Perfida Albion antes de que se convirtiera en colonia yanqui.
In a decision that delighted his hosts, Francis later laid a wreath at the tomb of Theodor Herzl, who is seen as the founder of modern Zionism that led to Israel's foundation.
The Idea about the state of Israel dates back long into history and is mostly attributed to the ideas of Theodor Herzl, a Jewish man born in Pest, now part of Budapest, Hungary.
Their founding father, Theodor Herzl, held that after the foundation of the Jewish State, no one outside it would be considered a Jew anymore.
He will also lay a wreath at the grave of Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism, and visit the resting place of slain prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial.
Peace is based on security, it is not based on good will and legitimacy as is believed", Netanyahu said at a memorial ceremony for Theodor Herzl, a founding father of Zionism, on the anniversary of his death, based on the Hebrew calendar.