Theodore II


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Theodore II

(Theodore Lascaris), 1222–58, Byzantine emperor of Nicaea (1254–58), son and successor of John III. He fought the Bulgarians and temporarily regained parts of Thrace. He made Nicaea a cultural center. His son, John IV, succeeded him.

Theodore II,

emperor of Ethiopia: see Tewodros IITewodros II
or Theodore II,
1818–68, emperor of Ethiopia (1855–68), originally named Kasa or Lij Kasa. He was a commoner and a bold and clever warrior.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theodore II

 

(Tewodros II; known as Kassa before his accession to the throne). Born 1818 in Kwara; died Apr. 13, 1868, in the fortress of Magdala. Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855.

Theodore was the son of a minor feudal lord in Kwara. As emperor, he tried to transform Ethiopia into a strong centralized state by introducing a series of reforms to concentrate political power in the hands of the sovereign. Theodore took personal control of all state revenue, created a unified army, and prohibited the slave trade. His reforms met with stubborn opposition from the most powerful feudal lords and from Great Britain, whose plans of colonial expansion were hindered by the emergence of a strong Ethiopia. With the support of the feudal lords, Britain started the Anglo-Ethiopian War of 1867–68. When the British took the fortress of Magdala, Theodore committed suicide to avoid capture.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tanzania's Mufti and head of the National Muslim Council of Tanzania Sheikh Aboubakary Zubeiry, Dar es salaam sheikh Alhadi Musa, as well as Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria - the current Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, who visited the East African country on June 15-23, were among the attendees.
1605 - Russia's Czar Theodore II is assassinated in a palace revolution.
Khartoum, Feb.17(SUNA)- The Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All African, Theodore II met at premises of Ministry of Guidance and Endowments within framework of his current visit to Sudan with a Muslim and Christian scholars , Councils of Islamic-Christian Religious Co-existence Councils and Sudan's Churches Council.
Pope Theodore II stated that he has come to Sudan and found that it lives in peace and safety with no room for fear , calling for unity to confront extremism and fundamentalism.
Separately, Rai met in the morning with the Pope's Assistant, Theodore II who conveyed a verbal message from His Holiness the Pope to Patriarch Rai about the preparations for the next General Assembly of the Churches of the Middle East.
CARTHAGE (TAP) - His Holiness Pope Theodore II, Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa,stated, Friday, his support to the democratic transition process in Tunisia, expressing confidence in the "ability of Tunisians to establish a real model of democracy in the region."
During his meeting with Caretaker President Moncef Marzouki, Theodore II welcomed the climate of tolerance prevailing between religions in Tunisia.
Theodore II, le patriarche orthodoxe qui a declare que les coptes sont libres de manifester aussi.
These include the Nicene emperor Theodore II Lascaris [r.
Professing "so much pride and pleasure in contemplating her worth, that I want the world to know what a sister I possess" (45), Theodore II insisted Frances marry Ebenezer Watson, whom she did not love.
The Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria heads on Friday the ceremony of St George Feast day at Church of St.