Theodore II Lascaris

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theodore II Lascaris


Born 1221 in Nicaea; died there August 1258. Emperor of the Nicaean Empire from 1254.

Drawing support from the office-holding aristocracy, Theodore entered into conflict with the landed aristocracy. In the east, Theodore strove to enlist the support of the Mongols against the Seljuks. In the Balkans he defended the territory conquered by his father John III, and in 1256 he concluded an advantageous treaty with the Bulgarian tsar Michael I Asen. Theodore’s attempt to gain control of Durazzo (Durrës) and a number of other fortresses led to strained relations with Epirus. Theodore rejected the plan agreed to by his father for reuniting the Eastern Church with the Roman. A writer and a philosopher, Theodore promoted the development of the arts and sciences in Nicaea.


Istoriia Vizantii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1967. Chapters 3–4.
Pappadopulos, J. B. Théodore II Laskaris. Paris, 1908.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.