Theodore Von Kármán

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kármán, Theodore Von


Born May 11, 1881, in Budapest; died May 7, 1963, in Aachen. Scientist in mechanics.

Kármán studied at the Royal Technical University of Budapest from 1898 to 1902 and later at the University of Gottingen. He became a professor and director of the Aeronautics Institute of the University of Aachen in 1913. From 1930 to 1949 he was the director of the Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology. Kármán’s works dealt with aircraft design, applied mathematics, the strength of materials, the theory of elasticity and plasticity, structural mechanics, aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, and thermodynamics. As a scientific leader he participated in the construction of many technical devices: aircraft, helicopters, rockets, and suspension bridges, as well as the first supersonic wind tunnels and ballistic installations. Kármán was a member of the Royal Society of London and other academies of science and scientific societies.


Collected Works, vols. 1–4. London. 1956.
The Wind and Beyond: An Autobiography. Boston, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.