Theodorus Balsamon

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Balsamon, Theodorus


Died after 1195, presumably in Constantinople. Byzantine jurist. Patriarch of Antioch (elected between 1185 and 1191).

Balsamon was the author of 14 volumes of commentaries on the Nomocanon, intended to reconcile the contradictions between ecclesiastical law and the Basilica, as well as between individual church canons. The commentaries included many important documents that have not survived. Balsamon also wrote other juridical works, letters, and epigrams. He was an apologist for strong imperial power, a defender of special privileges for the patriarch of Constantinople, and a supporter of the position that the priesthood should be subordinate to the episcopate.


Narbekov, V. Nomokanon konstantinopol’skogo patriarkha Fotiia s tolkovaniem Val’samona, vols. 1–2. Kazan, 1899.
Stevens, G. P. De Theodoro Balsamone. Rome, 1969.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.