Theodosius Dobzhansky


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dobzhansky, Theodosius

 

(Feodosii Grigor’evich Dobrzhanskii). Born Jan. 12 (25), 1900, in Nemirov, in what is now the Ukrainian SSR; died Dec. 19, 1975, in Davis, Calif. American geneticist. Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1941) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Dobzhansky graduated from the University of Kiev in 1921. He taught at Leningrad University from 1924 until 1927, when he emigrated to the United States. From 1929 to 1940 he taught at the California Institute of Technology, becoming a professor of genetics in 1936. From 1940 to 1962 he was a professor of zoology at Columbia University in New York, and from 1962 to 1970 he was a professor at Rockefeller University in New York. He became a professor of genetics at the University of California at Davis in 1971.

Dobzhansky was one of the founders of experimental population genetics and the author of the synthetic theory of evolution. He made a major contribution to the study of isolating mechanisms of evolution. Dobzhansky was a fellow of the Royal Society of London and other foreign academies of sciences.

WORKS

Genetics and the Origin of Species, 3rd ed. New York, 1951.
Heredity and the Nature of Man. London, 1965.
Genetics of the Evolutionary Process. New York–London, 1970.
Evolution. San Francisco, 1977. (With other authors.)

REFERENCES

Ayala, F. J. ‘Theodosius Dobzhansky: The Man and the Scientist.” Annual Review of Genetics, 1976, vol. 10, pp. 1–6.
Beardmore, J. A. “Theodosius Dobzhansky, 1900–1975.” Heredity, 1976, vol. 37, no. 1.
Ehrman, L., and B. Wallace. “Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky.” Nature, 1976, vol. 260, no. 5,547, p. 179.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Doutora Cora nunca deixou de estar em contato com geneticistas de todo o paise de outros paises, como AndreDreyfus, Oswaldo Frota-Pessoa, Crodowaldo Pavan, Newton Freire-Maia, Theodosius Dobzhansky e Harry Miller Jr.
Influenciado en la Universidad de Sao Paulo (USP) por el maestro de la genetica brasilera Andres Dreyfus y por su colega Theodosius Dobzhansky, de la Universidad de Columbia, Pavan enrumbo su quehacer profesional hacia el estudio del misterio de los genes y su utilizacion en bien de la humanidad.
(22.) Theodosius DOBZHANSKY, Genetica y el origen de las especies, Revista de Occidente, Madrid 1955, considerada la obra fundamental que abrio el camino de la sintesis evolucionista, y Julian HUXLEY et al., El proceso de toda evolucion biologica, Revista de Occidente, Madrid 1958.
The books by Theodosius Dobzhansky and Erwin Schrodinger were successful; their theories were accepted enthusiastically.
The first text, Genetics and the Origins of Species (1937), by the Russian-trained geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky, was a watershed in the formation of the "modern synthesis" that brought Darwinian natural selection and Medelian genetics together.
Theodosius Dobzhansky (geneticist): "The importance for human development of the helplessness of the human child and its complete dependence on its mother can hardly be exaggerated."
The great geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky is often quoted as saying, "Nothing in biology means anything except in the context of evolution." Evolution is, indeed, the central organizing theme in all biology, yet most biology curricula are pitifully deficient in their treatment of it.
"Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." This famous statement by Theodosius Dobzhansky is widely quoted by evolutionary biologists.
A great debt is owed to one of Powell's mentors, Theodosius Dobzhansky, who left his native Russia to visit Morgan's Drosophila laboratory at Columbia University in 1927 and never returned.
Shipman recounts a significant moment in the formation of physical anthropology as a modern discipline, a conference in 1950 at Cold Spring Harbor Biological Laboratory organized by Sherwood Washburn and Theodosius Dobzhansky. At the conference, Dobzhansky and Washburn broke from the political and social agendas of the past, and urged that typological studies of race be abandoned.
In 1937 the Russian-born American geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900-1975), who worked with fruit flies after the fashion of Morgan (see 1927), published a book entitled Genetics and the Origin of Species in which mutation and evolution were neatly joined together.