Theodosius II

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Theodosius II,

401–50, Roman emperor of the East (408–50), son and successor of Arcadius. He preferred the study of theology and astronomy to public affairs, which he left to the guidance of his sister, PulcheriaPulcheria
, 399–453, Roman empress of the East (414–53), daughter of Arcadius and Eudoxia. She became coruler with her brother, Theodosius II, and regent in 414. Theodosius remained under her influence most of his life.
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—and, at times, to that of his wife EudociaEudocia
, d. 460, Roman empress of the East; daughter of an Athenian Sophist. She was selected by Pulcheria as the wife of Theodosius II, whom she married (421) after being baptized and changing her name from Athenaïs to Eudocia.
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. The chief political events of his reign were the establishment (425) of Valentinian IIIValentinian III,
419–55, Roman emperor of the West (425–55). Two years after the death of his uncle, Honorius, he was placed on the throne by his cousin Theodosius II, who deposed the usurper John.
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 as emperor in the West, the raids into the empire by the Huns under AttilaAttila
, d. 453, king of the Huns (445–53). After 434 he was coruler with his brother, whom he murdered in 445. In 434, Attila obtained tribute and great concessions for the Huns in a treaty with the Eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II, but, taking advantage of Roman wars
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, and the conferences held with Attila in regard to the ever-increasing tribute he demanded. In 431, Theodosius summoned the Council of Ephesus, which condemned NestorianismNestorianism,
Christian heresy that held Jesus to be two distinct persons, closely and inseparably united. In 428, Emperor Theodosius II named an abbot of Antioch, Nestorius (d. 451?), as patriarch of Constantinople.
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, and in 449 he convoked and upheld the Robber Synod, which declared the orthodoxy of Eutychianism (see EutychesEutyches
, c.378–c.452, archimandrite in Constantinople, sponsor of Eutychianism, the first phase of Monophysitism. He was the leader in Constantinople of the most violent opponents of Nestorianism, among whom was Dioscurus, successor to St. Cyril (d.
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). Among his other activities were the founding (425) of the higher school (or university) of Constantinople and the publication (438) of the Theodosian CodeTheodosian Code
, Latin Codex Theodosianus, Roman legal code, issued in 438 by Theodosius II, emperor of the East. It was at once adopted by Valentinian III, emperor of the West.
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. His brother-in-law, Marcian, succeeded him.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Theodosius II


Born circa 401; died July 28, 450. Emperor of Byzantium (the Eastern Roman Empire) from 408.

Until 428, Theodosius’ sister Pulcheria played an important role in the government. She was supplanted in importance by the emperor’s wife Eudocia, whose influence lasted until 441. Subsequently, the eunuch Chrysaphius enjoyed considerable power. Under Theodosius a system of impregnable walls was constructed around Constantinople (413), and an early Byzantine law code—the Codex Theodosianus—was promulgated (438). In 431 and 449 the emperor convoked ecumenical councils at Ephesus. Theodosius’ reign saw the loss of much territory in North Africa to the Vandals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Unsurprisingly, it was during the reign of the monk-like emperor Theodosius II (r.
Most of those in the show are stamped with vivid portraits of the emperors, from Theodosius II (ruled 408-50) right up to Andronikos II (ruled 1282-1328).
The idea of the all-inclusive university first appeared in Constantinople in 425 A.D., during the reign of Theodosius II. It was known as the Pandidakterion and, like the universities that came later in the West, was comprehensive in its many schools, having 31 chairs and teaching in both Latin and Greek.
414, when Roman Emperor Theodosius II, age 13, yielded power to his older sister Aelia Pulcheria, who proclaimed herself Empress Augusta of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Following excavations that took place between October 2009 and July 2010 on the site of the church, which was built in the time of East Roman Emperor Theodosius II, further excavations were conducted and completed on Sept.
By the time of Theodosius I, emperors had come under the eucharistic discipline of the church, (25) and by the time of Theodosius II, emperors were (ostentatiously) baptized.
Theodosius II is now at the forefront of the study of late antiquity.
Luttwak points out the interesting evolution of Byzantine security strategy as responses and lessons to past experiences, as the Byzantines learned new and various military techniques and established new defensive systems, including the famous Wall of Theodosius II and the Golden Gate.
The Sanhedrin carried on clandestinely for another half-century, but with the beheading of its last president by the emperor Theodosius II in 425 C.E.
It seemed like nothing could go wrong until one day the emperor, Theodosius II, was out riding and his horse tripped and the emperor died.
Thus, Peter flees the court of Theodosius II in Constantinople for Jerusalem; he flees Jerusalem for Gaza (attempting to avoid Eudocia and any requests she might make of him).
Rollo, despite its Norman surface, carries out a study of Caracalla's pathology, and the other plays carry out similar investigations, The False One of Julius Caesar, The Prophetess of Dioclesian, The Roman Actor of Domitian, Valentinian of Valentinian III, and The Emperor of the East of Theodosius II. The plays, taking into account the complexities of the pictures painted by the historical tradition, apply both ideas--acting and desire--to examine these most famous, turbulent, and mysterious men.