small heretical sect, formed c.190 by Theodotus, a Byzantine. It lasted until the end of the 4th cent. The Theodotians taught that Jesus was a man, who became the Christ only after his baptism (a concept basic both to monarchianismmonarchianism
[Gr.,=belief in the rule of one], the concept of God that maintains his sole authority even over Christ and the Holy Spirit. Its characteristic tenet, that God the Father and Jesus are one person, was developed in two forms in early Christianity.
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 and to adoptionismadoptionism,
Christian heresy taught in Spain after 782 by Elipandus, archbishop of Toledo, and Felix, bishop of Urgel (Seo de Urgel). They held that Jesus at the time of his birth was purely human and only became the divine Son of God by adoption when he was baptized.
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References in periodicals archive ?
It must have been this distinction between the `man' (=`the Son') and the `spirit' (=`the Father') which Hippolytus claimed that Callistus took over from Theodotus.(58) The Theodotians also made a distinction between the `man' (=Jesus) and the `spirit' (=Christ) which indwelt him.
A further distinction between Callistus and the Theodotians, assuming that Tertullian's attack on Praxeas is aimed either at Callistus himself or at someone who shared the views of the Roman modalists, is that the modalists, on the basis of Luke 1: 35, brought the divine and the human together in the Son at his conception rather than at his baptism (Prax.