Theodulf

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Theodulf

 

(also Theodulphe). Born mid-eighth century in Spain; died 821 in Angers. Carolingian Renaissance figure.

A Visigoth by descent, Theodulf was an intimate of Charlemagne. He became bishop of Orleans and abbot of Fleury circa 781. Theodulf helped establish a network of schools and developed a teaching system. He was one of the missi dominici (royal commissioners), who regulated the affairs of the counts. After being accused of planning a conspiracy against Louis the Pious in 817, he was deposed and banished to a monastery.

Theodulf wrote many poetic works, including the narrative poem Versus contra judices (Against the Judges), which explicitly depicted the morals of the epoch and exposed the arbitrary rule of the counts and their lieutenants. Theodulf also wrote a number of theological treatises.

References in periodicals archive ?
At about the same time, a number of well-connected bishops, Haito of Hasel, Ghaerbald of Liege, and Theodulf of Orleans, issued the earliest of the episcopal statutes.
The greatest master of them all was Alcuin, but his poetic nemesis, Theodulf of Orleans, circulated a poem at court in which he lampooned Alcuin as a two-fisted drinker who needed to wet his whistle frequently because he talked too much.
Rosamond McKitterick discusses the relative importance of the versions of the biblical text associated with Alcuin and Tours on the one hand and Theodulf of Orleans on the other and the extent to which Alcuin's text influenced places other than Tours.
Chazelle offers a useful synopsis of the Opus Caroli regis, now attributed to Theodulf of Orleans, from the perspective of its "theological 'logic,' its Christocentric foundation and the function it assigns to the Crucifixion." She judges it to be "the single most ambitious work of literature from Charlemagne's court, a document intended to show the Frankish king's superiority to the rulers of Byzantium on every possible level." Viewed in its own theological affirmations, however, apart from the controversial context, "it is a masterpiece of argument developing with rigid logic a vision of the relation of heaven to earth, spiritual to mundane that is representative of specifically Carolingian thinking" (40-41).