A--pupillary area in thermal stress
condition, [mm.sup.2]; and,
Schramek developed an algorithm to apply the accepted coral stress algorithms to depths that included the deeper mesophotic, typically thought to be a refuge from thermal stress
The safety factor was approximately 2 by proportioning the yield strength to the value (400MPa) at which thermal stress
intensified at 200[degrees]C.
This behaviour allowed us to establish a time interval following application of the thermal stress
in which the temperature difference between the teeth with and without irrigation was greatest, thereby providing a clear evidence of the different thermal behaviours of the two types of teeth.
To test the effects of oxidative stress induced by [H.sub.2][O.sub.2] on Symbiodinium cells, a similar experimental design was used as in the thermal stress
experiment, except that all tubes were kept at room temperature (26 [degrees]C [+ or -] 1 [degrees]C) in low light (50 [micro]mol photons [m.sup.-1] [s.sup.-1]) (n = 3 per treatment).
[[sigma].sup.th.sub.i] and [[sigma].sup.ch.sub.i] represent the thermal stress
caused by temperature gradient and the chemical shrinkage stress induced by the curing reaction, respectively.
The coefficient of friction during progressive debonding is estimated by the ratio of tail force Fb tested by the results of microbond test (Figure 2) and the radial force caused by the residual thermal stress
associated with the fire deck of cylinder heads: the deck should be as thin as possible to avoid critical thermal stresses
during the low frequency thermal transients but sufficiently thick to avoid failures due to the high frequency combustion pressure.
In order to estimate stresses on the hole edges, the thermal stress
concentration factor is calculated.
Figures 6 and 7 present the temperature profile and thermal stress
analysis results, respectively.
Mathematical Description of Thermal Stress
. A body will change its shape and/or volume when exposed to a temperature change [DELTA]T.
They discuss such aspects as thermal stress
in ruminants: responses and strategies for alleviation, adaptive responses of rangeland livestock to manage water balance, impacts of toxic plants on the welfare of grazing livestock, neonatal mortality of farm livestock in extensive management systems, and the transport of livestock from extensive production systems.