The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



participants in the counterrevolutionary Thermidorian coup of 1794, after which they took part in the Thermidorian Convention and later played an important role in the Directory.

The Thermidorian bloc was divided into two factions: the right Thermidorians and the left Thermidorians. The right Thermidorians, headed by J.-L. Tallien, P. Barras, and J. Fouché, were the main faction. These former Jacobins represented the interests of the new bourgeoisie that had enriched itself through speculation. The left Thermidorians, most of whom had previously been left Jacobins, were led by J. Collot d’Herbois, J. Billaud-Varenne, and M. Vadier. After the execution of M. Robespierre and his associates, the right Thermidorians strove to oust the leftists from power.

After the rebellion of Germinal in 1795, the main leaders of the left Thermidorians were arrested, and the entire faction was disbanded, even though the members of the faction had taken no part in the rebellion.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
After gaining the power, the Thermidorians have reduced substantially the powers of the revolutionary bodies, dissolving the very dreaded Revolutionary Court (31 May 1795), but also the national security Committee (October 1795).
Defining the Terror defined the Thermidorians. Both emerged from the crackling tension between politics and justice that determined the trajectory of the National Convention from the overthrow of Robespierre to the start of the Directory fifteen months later.
The Thermidorians were pioneers in exploring the complexities of transitional justice, and yet historians have done little to analyze their efforts from this perspective.
Thermidorians thought religion should "be kept quiet, dull, and indoors." Royalists and chouans were like oil and vinegar, producing a "rich savor" when properly mixed, but with a "natural tendency to separate" (240).
The thermidorians' disregard for the rights of natural children was part of a wider backlash against the more radical aspects of revolutionary family law.
This opened the door to a thermidorian statute forbidding recherche de la paternite (paternity suits) and to subsequent measures that denied unwed mothers and their children any claim on a married man's resources, in the name of defending legally recognized families.
At one point, she notes that the Thermidorians and Directors of the Revolution chose a strategy that resembles formalism, as its present-day detractors might describe it: by both suppressing and exorcising the breaks in Revolutionary history, these leaders attempted to construct the Revolution as a single coherent event that they controlled.
His book La Revolution is a sort of funeral oration: Its subtitle might well be "And the Worthy as Well as Difficult Means of Bringing It to an End." His 1989 is the French Revolution as celebrated by the Thermidorians, the gravediggers of the Revolution who took over after the fall of Robespierre and his companions on July 27, 1794 the ninth of Thermidor.
The example of people trying to change their life by political action is by its very nature contagious, and the revival of revolutionary history - whatever the efforts of its Thermidorian chroniclers - inevitably contains an element of subversion.
When the Thermidorians closed the revolutionary workshops and reverted to private contracting, Blanc tried to put his production techniques on a commercial footing.
The traditional view of Marat had its origin in the Thermidorian reaction that followed the fall of Robespierre.
This reminds me curiously of what happened during the Thermidorian Reaction.