Thermopsis


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Related to Thermopsis: Thermopsis villosa
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thermopsis

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. The plants are perennial herbs with long, spreading rhizomes. The leaves are alternate, temate, and stipulate; the flowers are usually yellow and gathered in apical racemose inflorescences. The fruit is a two-seeded or many-seeded pod.

There are about 30 species of Thermopsis, distributed in southeastern Europe, in the temperate regions of Asia, and in the southern part of North America. The USSR has six to eight species, growing largely in the steppe and semidesert zones and, less commonly, in the mountains. The most widespread species is T. lanceolata, which grows in the Southeast European USSR, Southern Siberia, and Kazakhstan. A pernicious weed, it is difficult to eradicate from plantings of wheat and other crops. The plant is poisonous; particularly toxic are its seeds and leaves.

T. lanceolata is used medicinally. The green parts of T. lanceolata are suitable for medicinal use when gathered during early flowering and dried. The alkaloids, saponins, essential oil, and other substances contained in the plant act as expectorants and, in large doses, as emetics. The plant is used mainly to treat cases of chronic bronchitis; it is used in the form of infusions, powders, tablets, or dried extracts. It is also an ingredient in compound pills and mixtures. The closely related species T. turkestanica, which grows in the Tien-Shan and the Altai, is also used medicinally.

REFERENCES

Chefranova, Z. V. “Materialy k monografii roda termopsis (Thermopsis R. Br.).” In Flora i sistematika vysshikh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thermopsis turcica Kit Tan Vural and Kucukoduk (Fabaceae) is the critically endangered and endemic Turkish species located between the south- western part of Aksehir Lake and the southern part of Eber Lake (Tan et al.
Therefore this study proposes inducing in vitro germination of Thermopsis embryos extracted from various T.
Plant Material: Thermopsis turcica (Eber population) fruit seeds were collected from Istanbul's Nezahat Gokyigit Botanical Garden in late June of 2011.
There are some studies concerning the effects of treatments on germination of Thermopsis seeds (Norman 1996; Dreesen and Harrington 1997; Cenkci et al.
Possibly the root formation of regenerated Thermopsis shoots is affected by other unknown factors based on medium composition.
On the basis of these results the extraction of Thermopsis embryos could be enabled by the improvement of an in vitro technique of culturing embryos (Table 3).
Endangered status and propagation of an endemic plant species Thermopsis turcica (Fabaceae).