Thermopylae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Thermopylae: XERXES, Leonidas, battle of Marathon

Thermopylae

(thərmŏp`ĭlē) [Gr.,=hot gates, from hot mineral springs nearby], pass, E central Greece, SE of Lamía, between the cliffs of Mt. Oeta and the Malic Gulf. Silt accumulation has gradually widened the once-narrow pass. In ancient times it was used as an entrance into Greece from the north. There in 480 B.C., LeonidasLeonidas
, d. 480 B.C., king of Sparta. He succeeded (c.491 B.C.) his half-brother, Cleomenes I. When the Persians invaded Greece under Xerxes (480 B.C.), Leonidas with 300 Spartans and 5,000 auxiliaries was given the pass at Thermopylae to hold. There was treachery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 with his Spartans and their allies lost a heroic battle to the Persians under Xerxes IXerxes I
(Xerxes the Great) , d. 465 B.C., king of ancient Persia (486–465 B.C.). His name in Old Persian is Khshayarsha, in the Bible Ahasuerus. He was the son of Darius I and Atossa, daughter of Cyrus the Great. After bringing (484 BC.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (see Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
..... Click the link for more information.
). At the pass in 279 B.C., the Greeks held back the Gauls under BrennusBrennus,
d. 279 B.C., Gallic leader. He was in command of the band of Gauls (or Galatians) who invaded Greece in 279 B.C. At first halted at Thermopylae, he later turned and took the pass into Doris.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who ultimately broke through, and, in 191 B.C., Antiochus IIIAntiochus III
(Antiochus the Great), d. 187 B.C., king of Syria (223–187 B.C.), son of Seleucus II and younger brother of Seleucus III, whom he succeeded. At his accession the Seleucid empire was in decline.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Syria was defeated there by the Romans.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thermopylae

 

a mountain pass in Greece, on the border between Thessaly and central Greece, south of Lamia. In 480 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars, Thermopylae was the site of a major battle. Under the command of the king of Sparta, Leonidas, an allied Greek army of approximately 5,000 men blocked the pass and held off thousands of Persian troops, led by the King of Persia, Xerxes. With the help of a deserter, the Persians succeeded in reaching the rear of the Greek forces. Leonidas then dispatched troops to defend Athens, and he and 300 Spartan troops continued their stubborn defense to the last man. The Spartans later erected a monument at the site where the heroes died.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Thermopylae

300 Spartans hold off Xerxes’ horde (480 B.C.). [Classical Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 248]
See: Battle

Thermopylae

shown the back door, Persians destroyed Spartans (480 B.C.). [Gk. Hist.: Harbottle, 248]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Thermopylae

(in ancient Greece) a narrow pass between the mountains and the sea linking Locris and Thessaly: a defensible position on a traditional invasion route from N Greece; scene of a famous battle (480 bc) in which a greatly outnumbered Greek army under Leonidas fought to the death to delay the advance of the Persians during their attempted conquest of Greece
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The addition of Thermopylae will enrich the 5D experience delivered through Hexagon Smart M.App and Luciad portfolios both of which enable smart digital realities with 3D, 4D (real-time sensor feed integration) and 5D (dynamic analytics) capabilities.
The heroic tales of Thermopylae and Salamis have overshadowed subsequent operations and the huge role played by the Spartans in evicting the Persian invaders from Greece.
After the defeat at Thermopylae, he leads a small Greek navy against a huge Persian armada led by bloodthirsty Artemisia (Eva Green), hoping that Queen Gorgo and her Spartan forces will join in the battle for a free, united Greece.
The events here happened before, during and after the Battle of Thermopylae depicted in "300." While King Leonidas of Sparta and his men were making a stand, an end-of-the-world naval showdown brews at sea.
At Thermopylae, company executives tasked engineers with finding new ways to use Glass in a military setting, said Chief Innovation Officer John Clark.
Almost 2500 years ago, my ancestors, in August or September of 480 BC, fought the Battle of Thermopylae between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas of Sparta, and the Persian Empire of Xerxes I over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece.
According to the paper, other Hollywood films that have infuriated Iranians include: 300, which depicts King Leonidas and a force of 300 men fighting the Persians at Thermopylae in 480 BC, which was described by Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as "insulting to Iran".
The scenario is based on the Greek and Roman mythologies such as Acis and Galatea, Battle of Thermopylae and Hercules and players receive oracles from mythological figures to find out hidden truths or are led to experience heroic events.
The Greek historian, Herodotus, wrote of the Spartan commander Leonidas, who, at the battle of Thermopylae Pass in 480 B.C., dismissed his men from joining the combat because he clearly recognized they were psychologically spent from previous battles.
The first entry is the 10,000 men in the Persian Immortals, famous for their role at Thermopylae and the last is India's National Security Guard.
On one hand, a blinded Eurytus forced his slave to return him to Thermopylae and die with him in battle--selfishly to preserve his perceived sense of honor.
In the ensuing naval and land battles, Xerxes lost 400 ships, not to mention the land battle of Thermopylae, where 7000 Greeks held off the great Persian army.