Characters such as Kleinias, Satyros, Menelaos, Thersandros, and Sosthenes circle constantly around the perspective offered by Kleitophon on the central love affair, and in the course of this paper I will try to draw out something of their importance.
Helen Morales, in her book-length study Vision and Narrative in Achilles Tatius, gives an account of the different social types surrounding the lovers, picking out Thersandros, Konops and Kallisthenes in particular as negative 'embodiments of social and moral values and as representatives of different ways of viewing the world,' who 'to a certain extent .
Thersandros offers the prime example of negative social positioning by the narrator.
Thersandros shows us Kleitophon's potential as a hero and as one able to best another man.
At 6,15,1 the respective relationships between Thersandros and Sosthenes, Kleitophon and Satyros, are set in almost direct apposition to one another.
56) The novel's climactic showdown between Kleitophon and Thersandros takes place in a civic courtroom under the aegis of the law.
While this is largely a function of Kleitophon's first-person narrative (he has no direct access to her inner turmoil and reciprocal love) it is notable, for example, in the encounters which take place between Thersandros and Leukippe, how much more readily the narrator is able to access the (projected) thoughts and feelings of the male Thersandros than those of Leukippe.
97) While she too will be relativised as the wife of Thersandros, and (sophistically) reintegrated into chaste society by the test of her marital faithfulness in Book 8, she will nonetheless continue to operate as a private individual with her own legal team and her own competing narrative at the courtcase in Books 7 and 8, and in these many senses she behaves in a manner familiar to the reader from the world of male companionship.
and the speech by the priest of Artemis accusing Thersandros of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Moreover they display behavior that befits this privileged rank, exercising bravery and generosity in helping the heroes, rather than acting for their self-interest like Thersandros or Manto for example.
Other 'friends' in the novels are: Thersandros and his friend who counsels him in his marital troubles, Ach.