Towards the start of the poem, the shepherd, Thestylis
, offers a general truth--derived, exotically enough, from Aristotle: 'men vse most to couet forreine thing' (162).
Le camarade des plaisirs et des travaux litteraires d'autrefois, Victor Voconius, etait mort; je me chargeai de fabriquer son oraison funebre; on sourit de me voir mentionner parmi les vertus du defunt une chastete que refutaient ses propres poemes, et la presence aux funerailles de Thestylis
aux boucles de miel, que Victor appelait jadis son beau tourment.
Elizabeth Story Donno points up formal linkages between "Thyrsis and Dorinda," "Clorinda and Damon," "Ametas and Thestylis
," and "The Resolved Soul and Created Pleasure" and prints them together at the opening of her chronologically ordered and widely-used Penguin edition.
The ninth chapter, Stephen Guy-Bray's "Andrew Marvell and Sexual Difference," offers highly intelligent and precise close readings of the form--especially the rhyme schemes, the coupling schemes--of two of Marlowe's poems, "The Definition of love" and "Ametas and Thestylis
Making Hay-Ropes." What seems an almost obligatory contextual challenge through the work of such scholars as David Halperin and Alan Bray could have a place here, but the particular use to which they are put in the opening paragraphs seems more a distraction (if not a detraction) from Guy-Bray's rather nuanced readings.
has long been begging to get them from me--and so she shall, as in your eyes my gifts are mean.
(22) In the play's subplot, Venus invents a 'strange revenge' to punish the coy, disdainful Thestylis
: after a divine enchantment, the shepherdess falls madly for a 'foule croked Churle' who in turn 'crabedly refuzeth her' (669; 723-4).
The play's correct, even lucid, but textbookish Latin is reminiscent of the university classroom and suggests student participation, as when Thestylis
, the wife of the Anabaptist peasant Meliboeus, laments, "O temporal O mores!, Ubinam est fides?, etc." (20).
And Simaetha, of course, has only her slave Thestylis
as an internal audience for part of the poem.
(4) In making this suggestion, Leishman had been preempted by Moore-Smith, who suggested in a foomote to his review of Legouis's Andre Marvell that the pastoral dialogues, with the addition of both "A Dialogue between the Resolved Soul and Created Pleasure" and probably "Ametas and Thestylis
" and "Music's Empire," as well as the two Fauconberg-Cromwell marriage songs, had been written for musical setting (Moore-Smith 79 n.
Given the duties accorded to her within the georgic economy briefly sketched by Marvell, Thestylis
seems to exist primarily to minimize loss in this violent economy, and to ensure that nothing lies waste in a mode intensely concerned with the frill semantic range of "waste." Even from her subordinate position, Thestylis
(who "waits I To bring the mowing camp their cares") presides over a brief instance of exchange in which mutuality characterizes gender relations in georgic.