Zen

(redirected from Thien)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Zen

Buddhism
a Japanese school, of 12th-century Chinese origin, teaching that contemplation of one's essential nature to the exclusion of all else is the only way of achieving pure enlightenment
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zen

 

one of the currents of Far Eastern Buddhism. The word “zen” itself is the Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese character transcribing the Sanskrit term dhyana (meditation, self-absorption); the Chinese pronunciation is ch’an. Zen developed in China during the sixth and seventh centuries under the strong influence of Taoism, from which Zen borrowed the disregard for knowledge and the conviction that the truth cannot be expressed in words but can only be attained by an internal leap, freeing the consciousness not only from the beaten paths of thought but from thought in general. Zen is characterized by a rejection of the established norms of intellect and morality and by a love of paradox, intuitivism, and spontaneity. The conceptual and artistic language of Zen is based on the laconic hint and rhythmic pause. Improvisation and intuitive action without any plan are of primary importance. These features of Zen can be understood as an expression of “freedom of the spirit” in a society where freedom is possible only as the unexpected, the unplanned, and the eccentric.

The first patriarch of Zen in China was the Indian prophet Bodhidharma (beginning of the sixth century), but the decisive role was played by the sixth patriarch Hui-neng (638-713) and Shen-hsiu (605-706). Zen flourished in China until the ninth century; in Japan it appeared in the 12th or 13th century. Zen has continued to exert an extensive influence on culture and ideology up to the present. In Zen the creative act is interpreted as a religious act, and this has had an enormous influence on Chinese painting, calligraphy, and poetry and on Japanese culture, especially since the Muromachi period (14th-16th centuries).

An idiosyncratic (vulgarized) variant of Zen flourishes among beatniks, who understand Zen as an ideology that rejects civilization.

REFERENCES

Pomerants, G. “Dzen i ego nasledie.” Narody Azii i Afriki, 1964, no. 4.
Zavadskaia, E. V., and A. M. Piatigorskii. “Otzvuki kul’tury Vostoka v proizvedeniiakh Dzh. D. Selindzhera.” Narody Azii i Afriki, 1966, no. 3.
Suzuki, D. T. Essays in Zen Buddhism, series 1-3. London, 1953.
Watts, A. The Way of Zen. New York, 1957.
Blyth, R. H. Zen and Zen Classics, vols. 1-5. Tokyo, 1960-66.

G. S. POMERANTS

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zen

Buddhist sect; truth found in contemplation and self-mastery. [Buddhism: Brewer Dictionary, 1174]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Zen

(1)
[Kehoe, B., "Zen and the Art of the Internet", February 1992.]

zen

(jargon)
To figure out something by meditation or by a sudden flash of enlightenment. Originally applied to bugs, but occasionally applied to problems of life in general. "How'd you figure out the buffer allocation problem?" "Oh, I zenned it."

Contrast grok, which connotes a time-extended version of zenning a system. Compare hack mode. See also guru.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

Zen

(1) A social collaboration platform. See blueKiwi ZEN.

(2) The code name for AMD's 2017 microarchitecture. See Ryzen.

(3) An open source virtual machine hypervisor. See Xen.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
There's a shared opportunity between companies and health authorities, and Thien said this doesn't just include conversation between companies and regulatory agencies.
Such are Thien's gifts that she can write lyrically about horror without stripping it of force.
Lin's voice provides a calming juxtaposition to the mournful opening of Thien's novel, and her empathy is evident in her subdued narration.
The panel said: "Do Not Say We Have Nothing by Madeleine Thien entranced the jurors with its detailed, layered, complex drama of classical musicians and their loved ones trying to survive two monstrous insults to their humanity: Mao Zedong's Cultural Revolution in mid-twentieth century China and the Tiananmen Square massacre of protestors in Beijing in 1989.
A master storyteller, Thien moves on to describe the enigmatic Sparrow, a genius classical music composer, his otherworldly cousin Zhuli and his obstinate and gifted best friend Kai.
Thua Thien Hue province suffered losses of 14,660 tons of seafood.
"There's a lot of really interesting, unexpected parallels between Cambodia and Lebanon," Thien said.
Nguyen Huu Thien, Former General Director of the Directorate for Standards, Metrology and Quality, Vietnam Ministry of Science and Technology more than 5 years ago, Lean Six Sigma Network is the bridge for companies, organizations, managers and who are interested in the innovative methodology to learn and research about not only Lean, 6 Sigma but also expanding areas especially Food Safety Management Systems such as ISO, HACCP.
The system uses the Ultra-Short BaseLine (USBL) method to calculate the position of a subsea target, in this case Thien Nam's ROV, by measuring the range and bearing from a vessel-mounted transceiver to an acoustic transponder mounted on the target.
9 July 2014 - Vietnam-based dry bulk shipping company Trai Thien USA Inc (OTCMKTS:TRTH) said it had acquired US mineral exploration and development firm Onassis Mining Group Inc.
International Resource News-July 9, 2014--Trai Thien USA acquires Onassis Mining Group
M2 EQUITYBITES-July 9, 2014-Trai Thien USA buys Onassis Mining