Thiocyanate

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thiocyanate

[¦thī·ō′sī·ə‚nāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
A salt of thiocyanic acid that contains the ‒SCN radical; for example, sodium thiocyanate, NaSCN. Also known as sulfocyanate; sulfocyanide; thiocyanide.

Thiocyanate

 

(also rhodanide), any of the salts of thio-cyanic acid, HSCN. Although most thiocyanates are freely soluble in water, AgSCN, CuSCN, and Hg(SCN)2 are insoluble. Colorless KSCN and NH4SCN are widely used in analytical chemistry for cation detection; for example, with Fe3+ they form bloodred Fe(SCN)3, and with Cu2+ in an ammonium medium they form blue [Cu(NH3)4](SCN)2.

References in periodicals archive ?
El-Shahawi, "Headspace sorptive solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with a spectrophotometry system: A simple glass devise for extraction and simultaneous determination of cyanide and thiocyanate in environmental and biological samples," Talanta, vol.
The synthesis of the proposed hexasubstituted thioureas 4a-f was prepared via reaction of hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene with potassium thiocyanate to form isothiocyanates phosphazene intermediates, followed by typical thiourea reaction with a series of amines derivatives in a one-pot reaction system.
Thiocyanate and isothiocyanate compete with iodite to enter into the thyroid follicles, which may compromise the THs synthesis and induce the onset of goiter and hypothyroidism in patients with low iodine intake.
Our study had three major aims: 1) to compare the urinary thiocyanate levels of the exposed and the control communities; 2) to compare the prevalence of cyanide exposure symptoms of the exposed and the control communities; and 3) to provide additional information on lifestyle factors that have been associated with urinary thiocyanate levels such as demographic factors, dietary exposure, and smoking.
The regioselective formation of (Beta)- hydroxy azides or (Beta)- hydroxy thiocyanates from epoxides is an important reaction in medicinal and organic chemistry.
Elevated whole blood cyanide and thiocyanate have been found in smokers [12].
To actually dissolve the cellulose, they added thiocyanate salts.
Thiocyanate is an end product of detoxification of hydrogen cyanide present in cigarette smoke.
2007), with the strongest associations in women with low iodine and high thiocyanate (Steinmaus et al.
Such biomarkers are nicotine, thiocyanate ion and carboxyhemoglobine [20,21].
"Thiocyanate and smoking in pregnancy." J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw, 1973; 80:810-814.