Third Element

Third Element

 

a term, popularized in the 1900’s, referring to members of the intelligentsia of no particular class who were hired to serve in zemstvo (local self-government) institutions as agronomists, statisticians, technicians, doctors, veterinarians, teachers, and insurance agents.

The “third element” was distinguished from the “first element, ” which was composed of officials appointed to zemstvo organizations by the government, and from the “second element, ” which was made up of members elected to the zemstvo assemblies. Numbering between 65,000 and 70,000 people in 34 provinces in the late 19th century, the third element included a considerable number of bourgeois liberals, Narodniks (Populists), and even Social Democrats.

The third element was largely responsible for the far-reaching successes of the zemstvo institutions, especially in the fields of medicine, sanitation, and education. The tsarist administration and the conservative dvoriane-zemtsy (noblemen who were members of zemstvo organizations) opposed the strengthening of the role of the third element.

References in periodicals archive ?
The third element challenged the teams to present twelve yoga poses as a means of creating a happy mind.
He added that "two of them were arrested in the area of Al-Mamoun neighborhood on the right side while the third element was arrested in the ready-built area in the Arab neighborhood on the left side of the city of Mosul."/ End
The second element is an official reception for boats in each emirate and the third element is a photo exhibition in Abu Dhabi, which will chronicle the life and achievements of the late Shaikh Zayed.
A spokesman for the European Central Bank, the third element of the troika, declined to comment.
The third element is the Hairpin, which is ideal for long, slow drifts.
This is the customer's third Element license, the company added.
The new Med Mark packaging symbol, designed to help consumers quickly identify healthy food, drinks and products that support the much-touted Mediterranean diet, has been introduced by nonprofit organization Oldways as the third element in its consumer shopping assistance program.
The third element in the book is the introductory and concluding comments--some quite brief, others more extensive--for each essay.
At Level Two conflict, you are still present, but you are angry now, and the problem is still there and you begin to consider the former third element "others" as part of the problem not worthy of your value or respect.