Third Republic


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Third Republic:

see FranceFrance
, officially French Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 64,457,000), 211,207 sq mi (547,026 sq km), W Europe. France is bordered by the English Channel (N), the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay (W), Spain and Andorra (SW), the Mediterranean Sea (S; the location of the
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Third Republic

 

the bourgeois democratic regime in France between 1870 and 1940. The Third Republic was proclaimed on Sept. 4,1870, after the fall of the Second Empire. It was legislatively established on Jan. 30, 1875, and fundamental constitutional laws were passed from February to July 1875. A president was made head of state, and a bicameral parliament, to which the government was responsible, was given supreme legislative power. On July 10,1940, when France was defeated in World War II, absolute power was granted to Marshal Pétain, signifying the fall of the Third Republic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We stand against the prevailing chaos and we are determined to build the Third Republic in Lebanon the way we deem fit," he concluded.
If Zola cannot be held responsible for his wariness regarding what he perceives to be anarchy's violent means, Febles demonstrates how Zola is nevertheless liable for misrepresenting, diluting and ultimately erasing anarchism as a political phenomenon of Third Republic France, after having exploited and then absorbed its allure into an alternative anti-bourgeois stance in his novels.
(Curiously, the section on "reading as contagion" contains not a single visual example.) While the art-historical insights of the book are limited, I recommend it as a good introduction to the cultural debates surrounding female literacy in Early Third Republic France.
One important shortcoming is that the book takes little account of the era prior to the Third Republic, despite the continuities with regard to theories of race, discussions of metissage, and debates about women's citizenship, continuities that long predate the 1870s.
Chaitin's The Enemy Within: Culture Wars and Political Identity in Novels of the French Third Republic takes an unusual tack in handling that fissionable political and cultural material of the iconic last decade of the nineteenth century, culminating in the Dreyfus Affair, by examining specific works of four prominent novelist/activists, Paul Bourget, Maurice Barres, Anatole France and Emile Zola.
These legacies from the revolutionary era--the commitment of the magistracy to the rigid application of the law code, together with jury trials whose verdicts were to be based on the flexible and contingent standards of jurors' own moral compass--still prevailed in the Third Republic, establishing the conditions for the dilemma outlined by Yvernes.
Knitting, Chenut demonstrates, was an increasingly feminized profession over the course of the Third Republic. Millowners' reliance on women was tied to mechanization, which created greater demand for the traditionally female finishing work of bobbin winding, seaming, and finishing (190).
Although long recognized as a major and unsatisfactorily resolved scandal in the history of the Third Republic the ramifications of the Stavisky Affair have not, until now, been fully explored.
Schandeler's critique is organized in three main sections: the short-term use made of Condorcet, especially by the Ideologues (1794-1815); a longer-term analysis of the competing claims made on the man and his works by positivist thinkers and by historians of the Revolution from 1794 to 1870; and the accession of Condorcet to the republican and bourgeois pantheon of the Third Republic, culminating in the inauguration of his statue in Paris on 14 July 1894.
The Free Presbyterian Church has a third Republic of Ireland congregation at Convoy in Co Donegal.
Modern European history and literature had been my major at Harvard, and my courses on France had acquainted me with the ancien regime and the Enlightenment, the Revolution, the Napoleonic era, the Third Republic and, most recently, the valiant Resistance during the German occupation.
In doing so they squared cultural conservatism with the technological and commercial thrust of the Third Republic.