"We stand against the prevailing chaos and we are determined to build the Third Republic
in Lebanon the way we deem fit," he concluded.
If Zola cannot be held responsible for his wariness regarding what he perceives to be anarchy's violent means, Febles demonstrates how Zola is nevertheless liable for misrepresenting, diluting and ultimately erasing anarchism as a political phenomenon of Third Republic
France, after having exploited and then absorbed its allure into an alternative anti-bourgeois stance in his novels.
(Curiously, the section on "reading as contagion" contains not a single visual example.) While the art-historical insights of the book are limited, I recommend it as a good introduction to the cultural debates surrounding female literacy in Early Third Republic
One important shortcoming is that the book takes little account of the era prior to the Third Republic
, despite the continuities with regard to theories of race, discussions of metissage, and debates about women's citizenship, continuities that long predate the 1870s.
Chaitin's The Enemy Within: Culture Wars and Political Identity in Novels of the French Third Republic
takes an unusual tack in handling that fissionable political and cultural material of the iconic last decade of the nineteenth century, culminating in the Dreyfus Affair, by examining specific works of four prominent novelist/activists, Paul Bourget, Maurice Barres, Anatole France and Emile Zola.
These legacies from the revolutionary era--the commitment of the magistracy to the rigid application of the law code, together with jury trials whose verdicts were to be based on the flexible and contingent standards of jurors' own moral compass--still prevailed in the Third Republic
, establishing the conditions for the dilemma outlined by Yvernes.
Knitting, Chenut demonstrates, was an increasingly feminized profession over the course of the Third Republic
. Millowners' reliance on women was tied to mechanization, which created greater demand for the traditionally female finishing work of bobbin winding, seaming, and finishing (190).
Although long recognized as a major and unsatisfactorily resolved scandal in the history of the Third Republic
the ramifications of the Stavisky Affair have not, until now, been fully explored.
Schandeler's critique is organized in three main sections: the short-term use made of Condorcet, especially by the Ideologues (1794-1815); a longer-term analysis of the competing claims made on the man and his works by positivist thinkers and by historians of the Revolution from 1794 to 1870; and the accession of Condorcet to the republican and bourgeois pantheon of the Third Republic
, culminating in the inauguration of his statue in Paris on 14 July 1894.
The Free Presbyterian Church has a third Republic
of Ireland congregation at Convoy in Co Donegal.
Modern European history and literature had been my major at Harvard, and my courses on France had acquainted me with the ancien regime and the Enlightenment, the Revolution, the Napoleonic era, the Third Republic
and, most recently, the valiant Resistance during the German occupation.
In doing so they squared cultural conservatism with the technological and commercial thrust of the Third Republic