Thlaspi


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thlaspi

 

a genus of annual or perennial herbs of the family Cruciferae. The leaves are entire. The cauline leaves are sessile and amplexicaul; the radical ones are petioled. The white or pink flowers are gathered in a panicle. The fruit is an oblate silicle. There are 60 species, distributed mainly in the temperate belt of the northern hemisphere. The plants also occur in South America. The USSR has about 25 species, growing primarily in the Caucasus.

The pennycress (T. arvense) is a weed with winter and spring forms. A single plant yields about 10,000 seeds, whose oil (constituting as much as 30 percent of the mass of a seed) is suitable for industrial use. The grass and seeds contain the glycoside sinigrin (potassium myronate), which has a strong garlic-like odor. Cows fed grain mixed with Thlaspi seeds produce milk with a garlic taste. T. perfoliatum grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes, and amid crops in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Metal Hyperaccumulation and Tolerance in Alyssum, Arabidopsis and Thlaspi: An Overview.
Doran, "Hyperaccumulation of cadmium by hairy roots of Thlaspi caerulescens," Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol.
In total, 28 medicinal species showed complete correspondence and 14 (Polygonum viviparum, Rumex acetosa, Tribulus terrestris, Paeonia obovata, Thlaspi arvense, Polygonatum odoratum, Actinidia arguta, Astragalus chrysopterus, Lespedeza bicolor, Solanum nigrum, Cynanchum wilfordii, Metaplexis japonica, Daucus carota, and Anaphalis sinica) showed partial correspondence.
In a study compared natural and chemical Phytoremediation using a pot experiment in this comparison, natural Phytoremediation was studied to extract Zinc and Cadmium by Thlaspi carelessness and Phytoremediation by corn in contaminated soil of an industrial area, and farm soil contaminated by sewage sludge [12].
Cellular compartmentation of nickel in the hyperaccumulators Alyssum lesbiacum, Alyssum bertolonii and Thlaspi goesingense.
Enhanced deposition of lignin in the root endodermis was also observed under Zn toxicity in the metal hyper-accumulator plant Thlaspi caerulescenswhich can tolerate much higher metal levels than other species [157].
Phytochelatin synthase of Thlaspi caerulescens enhanced tolerance and accumulation of heavy metals when expressed in yeast and tobacco.
This technique is also useful for cultured plant organs to know the metal accumulation properties of each separate plant part e:g the removal of Sr2+ using shoots of Solanum laciniatum (Kartosentono et al., 2001), and Cd2+ hyper-accumulation by roots of Thlaspi caerulescens (Nedelkoska and Doran., 2000).