Thoma, Hans(häns tō`mä), 1839–1924, German painter and lithographer. He was influenced by Courbet. His later, individual style, modeled on that of old German woodcuts, shows rich coloring and depth of imaginative feeling. In 1899 he became director of the Karlsruhe Gallery and professor of the academy. The Metropolitan Museum has his painting At Lake Garda.
Born Oct. 2, 1839, in Bernau, Baden; died Nov. 7,1924, in Karlsruhe. German painter and engraver.
Thoma studied in an art school in Karlsruhe from 1859 to 1866 and was a professor at the Karlsruhe Academy of Fine Arts from 1899 to 1916. His realistic landscapes, portraits, and scenes from country life, which are noted for their rich, full-bodied color, are painted in a distinctive national romantic style. Typical examples include The Evening Hour (1868; Kunsthalle, Hamburg), Black Forest Landscape (1872; National Gallery, Berlin), and Self-portrait (1880; Picture Gallery, Dresden). His later symbolic religious pictures reveal the influence of A. Boecklin, especially in their use of fantastic elements and stylization, for example, Adam and Eve (1897; the Hermitage, Leningrad).