Tomar

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Tomar

(to͝omär`), town (1991 pop. 14,003), Santarém dist., central Portugal, in Ribatejo. It has paper and textile mills and other industries but is noted chiefly as the center of the Knights Templars and later of the Military Order of Christ. The knights under Gualdim Pais in 1190 successfully resisted the assault of Yakub and his Almohad forces—an important event in the Christian reconquest of Portugal. The Templars were suppressed early in the 14th cent., but the Order of Christ was founded (1319–20) immediately afterward. The great convent-castle on the hill overlooking Tomar dates from the most glorious days of the order, just after it was under Prince Henry the Navigator, although there are mementos of the earlier years. There are other churches, principally of this period. The order grew rich from Portugal's overseas expansion, and the city flourished. In 1581 it was chosen by Philip II of Spain for the proclamation of his rule. Thereafter it declined.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen bonding and complex formation between calcium, phosphate and phosphoserines are all involved in the gelation process (Thomar and Nicolai.
Em inicios do seculo XIX, Sergipe contava com a cidade de Sao Cristovao, as vilas de Santa Luzia do Itanhi, Thomar, Lagarto, Itabaiana, Santo Amaro, Vila Nova, Propria, as missoes de Agua Azeda, Pacatuba, Japaratuba, Sao Pedro e alguns povoados, sendo os mais prosperos Estancia e Laranjeiras.
Rodriges Ferreira, entre em 1842 por uma ominosa portaria do Conde de Thomar ao Ministro do Brasil 'Drummond', foi encontrado em 1861 em poder de uma mulher, a quem o Director da Seccao Zoologica do Museu o comprou.
(1) Dos dois degredados que permaneceram, um era servidor de Joao de Telo chamado Afonso Ribeiro e, o outro, era um certo Joao de Thomar. (2) Num pequeno poema historico intitulado "A Flor de Manaca", o autor coloca na boca do deportado Afonso Ribeiro, em prantos ao ver partir para a India seus companheiros de viagem, as seguintes palavras: "Vos ides atingir ao portico sublime da fama, que concede esplendido trofeu.