Thomas, Norman

Thomas, Norman (Mattoon)

(1884–1968) reformer, socialist; born in Marion, Ohio. An ordained Presbyterian minister (1911), he served among the poor of New York City and became convinced that traditional religions and political parties were not satisfying contemporary American needs. He helped establish the Civil Liberties Bureau of the American Union Against Militarism (1917), the precursor to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which he helped found in 1920. Drawn to socialism, he officially joined the Socialist Party (1918) and gave up his pastorate, although he remained a minister through 1931. Associate editor of the Nation (1921–22) and codirector of the League for Industrial Democracy (1922–37), he ran unsuccessfully as a Socialist for a series of offices in New York. As the leader of the Socialist Party after 1926, he ran for president six times (1928–48). A pacifist, he tentatively supported World War II after Pearl Harbor, protested Japanese-Americans' internment, was critical of America dropping the atomic bomb, and founded the Post-War Council to support world peace. Devoted to a democratic socialism, he was opposed to Communists and purged them from the ranks of the ACLU (1940). He opposed the Vietnam War. To the end of his life he remained an active lecturer and a "presence" on the American public stage. Criticized as a poor organizer for failing to heal factional wounds or attending to party work, he was charged with the demise of socialism in this country, but historians argue that socialism had been defeated by the New Deal before he took control of the party. He has also been credited with working for many social reforms long before they became accepted and put into law.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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Virginia was preceded in death by her parents, husband and four brothers: Donald Thomas, Norman Thomas, George Thomas and John Thomas.
Maria, died 29th June 2011, aged 31 years, much loved granddaughter of Anne and the late Norman, niece of Thomas, Norman and Pauline.
Uttoxeter residents Katie-Jo Thomas, Norman Whittingham and Michael Lee complete the line-up.
Parry is quick to attribute the club's enduring success to the establishment of a strategic board he describes as being the envy of the Welsh Premier - men such as former Rhyl player Paul Higginson, Mark Thomas, Norman Jones, John Sutherland and Richard Fowler, who all contribute funds and strategy to the club.
Men such as Dr G O Morgan, Dai Emerson Thomas, Norman Evans, Ray Jones, Elton Morgan, Basil Smith and Peter Emerson Thomas gave tremendous service to the cause of grass-roots tennis over the years.
Murrow, Lowell Thomas, Norman Vincent Peale and Governor Thomas E.