Thomas Cooper


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Cooper, Thomas

 

Born Oct. 22, 1759, in Westminster; died May 11, 1839, in Columbia, S.C. Anglo-American materialist philosopher, physician, chemist, economist, and political figure.

Cooper studied at Oxford and was a member of the Manchester Constitutional Society. During the French Revolution he visited France (1792), and in 1793 he emigrated to the USA with the family of his teacher and father-in-law, the English scholar and philosopher J. Priestley. He became a friend of T. Jefferson. He was appointed a judge and later taught chemistry and economics, serving as president of South Carolina College in Columbia from 1821 to 1833. In his philosophical works and anonymous antireligious pamphlets, Cooper advocated a materialist and atheist world view, denying the existence of a spiritual substance, the immortality of the soul, and the existence of free will and innate ideas. Cooper’s work on psychophysiology followed the trend initiated by the French materialists J. La Mettrie and P. Cabanis.

WORKS

Tracts, Ethical, Theological and Political. Warrington, 1789.
Political Essays. Philadelphia, 1800.
A View of the Metaphysical and Physiological Arguments in Favor of Materialism. Philadelphia, 1823.
The Scripture Doctrine of Materialism. Philadelphia, 1823.
Lectures on the Elements of Political Economy. Columbia, 1826.
In Russian translation:
In Amerikanskie prosvetiteli, vol. 2. Moscow, 1969. Pages 325–408.

REFERENCES

Gol’dberg, N. M. Svobodomyslie i ateizm v SShA. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965. Chapter 5.
Malone, D. The Public Life of Th. Cooper. New Haven-London, 1926.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
But Phil Turner and his grandson Thomas Cooper have taken fun inter-family rivalry to a whole new level .
The cells of the heart stop dividing after birth but they have to continue growing and working together for the heart to pump the blood,' explained Thomas Cooper, a professor of pathology and immunology at Baylor College of Medicine in US.
Thomas Cooper, clinical director at Ace Orthotics, said: "We have seen year-on-year growth and are experiencing growing demand throughout the UK for our products and need to invest to meet that demand.
A court heard the victim Thomas Cooper was at home when he heard his back door being kicked open.
55), Thomas Cooper to Helen Rees; Lifetime (Extr 2.
Thomas Cooper was just 22 when he died early on January 12, 2012.
He considers anti-federalist struggles; building popular counter power in democratic societies of the 1790s; James Madison, Thomas Cooper, and several other key theorizers and organizers of dissentient democracy.
Christopher Thomas Cooper, 26, of Eastgate, Cowbridge, admitted breaching the Public Order Act 1986 by using threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour within the sight or hearing of a person likely to be caused distress.
The owners of Senior Financial Strategies, Susan and Thomas Cooper, were subsequently fined $10,000 for allegedly violating Illinois securities law by advising clients to liquidate annuities or IRAs to fund the purchase of FIAs.
Lauren Dianne Greenlee of Kilmichael and Michael Thomas Cooper of Ackerman were united in marriage on the evening of April 9, 2011, at six o'clock in the evening at Kilmichael Baptist Church.
Kertesz refiects on his experiences and discusses his novel Fatelessness in this conversation with translator and literary historian Thomas Cooper (see WLT, April 2003, 4).
He is survived by his wife of 35 years, Beverly (Stone) Cooper Daoust of Charlton; three children, Christopher Daoust and his wife Maureen of Auburn, and their children, Matthew and Patrick, Michael Daoust and his wife Tove of Bonaire, GA, and their children, Turi and Danielle, and Aimee Goddard and her husband Bill of Leicester, and their son, Timothy; two step children, Thomas Cooper and his wife Cynthia of Hollis, NH, and their children, Benjamin and William, and Tammy Jo Cooper of Oxford; a brother, Rene Daoust and his wife Gail of Leicester; a sister, Denise Griney and her husband Steve of Gaithersburg, MD; and many nephews and nieces.