Thomas Cooper


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Cooper, Thomas

 

Born Oct. 22, 1759, in Westminster; died May 11, 1839, in Columbia, S.C. Anglo-American materialist philosopher, physician, chemist, economist, and political figure.

Cooper studied at Oxford and was a member of the Manchester Constitutional Society. During the French Revolution he visited France (1792), and in 1793 he emigrated to the USA with the family of his teacher and father-in-law, the English scholar and philosopher J. Priestley. He became a friend of T. Jefferson. He was appointed a judge and later taught chemistry and economics, serving as president of South Carolina College in Columbia from 1821 to 1833. In his philosophical works and anonymous antireligious pamphlets, Cooper advocated a materialist and atheist world view, denying the existence of a spiritual substance, the immortality of the soul, and the existence of free will and innate ideas. Cooper’s work on psychophysiology followed the trend initiated by the French materialists J. La Mettrie and P. Cabanis.

WORKS

Tracts, Ethical, Theological and Political. Warrington, 1789.
Political Essays. Philadelphia, 1800.
A View of the Metaphysical and Physiological Arguments in Favor of Materialism. Philadelphia, 1823.
The Scripture Doctrine of Materialism. Philadelphia, 1823.
Lectures on the Elements of Political Economy. Columbia, 1826.
In Russian translation:
In Amerikanskie prosvetiteli, vol. 2. Moscow, 1969. Pages 325–408.

REFERENCES

Gol’dberg, N. M. Svobodomyslie i ateizm v SShA. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965. Chapter 5.
Malone, D. The Public Life of Th. Cooper. New Haven-London, 1926.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
The exhibit, housed at the Thomas Cooper Library while South Caroliniana is renovated, features photographs, postcards and advertisements from the era.
Those who survived | Geoff Bollands, 40, of Nunthorpe | Vince Swales, 28, formerly of Hinderwell and New Marske | Jim Rutherford, of Acklam | Dave Lambert, 38, Ingleby Barwick Those who lost their lives | Hugh Briston, 40, of Whinney Banks, Middlesbrough | John Thomas Cooper, of Hartlepool | Terence Michael Largue, 34, of Ingleby Barwick | Amabile (Jim) Borg, 51, of Thornaby | Frank Watson, 38, of Longlands, Middlesbrough | Alan Carter, 43, of Marton, Middlesbrough | George Flowler, 40, of Owington Farm, Billingham | Alan Wicks, 40, formerly of Billingham, ex-Cleveland firefighter
"The cells of the heart stop dividing after birth but they have to continue growing and working together for the heart to pump the blood," explained Thomas Cooper, a professor of pathology and immunology
But Phil Turner and his grandson Thomas Cooper have taken fun inter-family rivalry to a whole new level .
'The cells of the heart stop dividing after birth but they have to continue growing and working together for the heart to pump the blood,' explained Thomas Cooper, a professor of pathology and immunology at Baylor College of Medicine in US.Alternative splicing
Thomas Cooper, clinical director at Ace Orthotics, said: "We have seen year-on-year growth and are experiencing growing demand throughout the UK for our products and need to invest to meet that demand.
The writings of John Foxe, Thomas Cooper, and Daniel Featley augment Shoulson's investigation of the ways in which texts interrogate religious transformation, especially in light of questions of authenticity.
A court heard the victim Thomas Cooper was at home when he heard his back door being kicked open.
Definitly Red (Catt 12.30), Steve Gollings to Brian Ellison; Art Deco Marsal (Extr 1.10), Mlle S Trentani to Robert Walford; Polo (Extr 1.10), R Chotard to Venetia Williams; Sebastian Beach (Extr 1.10), Richard Hannon to Jonjo O'Neill; Border Station (Extr 2.55), Alison Batchelor to Laura Young; Kahdian (Extr 2.55), Thomas Cooper to Helen Rees; Lifetime (Extr 2.55), Brian Ellison to Neil Mulholland; Natural High (Fknm 12.40), Sally Randell to Andy Turnell; Vision Du Coeur (Fknm 3.35), F Flood to Fiona Kehoe; Galizzi (Muss 12.25), Michael Bell to John Ferguson; Superb Story (Muss 12.25), J E Pease to Charlie Mann.
Thomas Cooper was just 22 when he died early on January 12, 2012.
He considers anti-federalist struggles; building popular counter power in democratic societies of the 1790s; James Madison, Thomas Cooper, and several other key theorizers and organizers of dissentient democracy.
| Christopher Thomas Cooper, 26, of Eastgate, Cowbridge, admitted breaching the Public Order Act 1986 by using threatening, abusive or insulting words or behaviour within the sight or hearing of a person likely to be caused distress.