Thomas Linacre


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Thomas Linacre
BirthplaceBrampton, Chesterfield, in Derbyshire
Died
NationalityEnglish
Occupation
humanist scholar, physician

Linacre or Lynaker, Thomas

(both: lĭ`nəkər), 1460?–1524, English humanist and physician. He took the degree of doctor of medicine at the Univ. of Padua, returned to England c.1492, and became tutor to Prince Arthur and later physician to Henry VIII. He was interested in the humanistic revival, wrote a Latin grammar (c.1523) for Princess Mary (then a child), and included among his pupils Desiderius Erasmus and Sir Thomas More. Linacre translated many of Aristotle's and Galen's works into Latin and founded readerships in medicine at Oxford and Cambridge. He was the founder and first president of the Royal College of Physicians.

Bibliography

See biography by Sir William Osler (1908).

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References in periodicals archive ?
"De emendata structura Latini sermonis: The Latin Grammar of Thomas Linacre." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 49 (1986): 106-125.
"Linacre's Latin Grammars." In Essays on the Life and Work of Thomas Linacre, ed.
Thomson, "Linacre's Latin Grammars," in Essays on the Life and Work of Thomas Linacre, ed.
(27.) See more in Kristian Jensen, "De emendata structura Latini sermonis: The Latin Grammar of Thomas Linacre," Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 49 (1986): 106-125.
In Tudor England, according to Vivian Nutton, the introduction of humanist Galenic medicine from Italy by Thomas Linacre was entirely different, perhaps because theoretical medicine in the Middle Ages was less advanced there than on the continent.
Englishmen drawing from Italian cultural wellsprings -- as well as Italians crossing the Channel -- finally appear in chapter 4, "Out of Italy." Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, brother of Henry V; two Oxford chancellors, Thomas Chaundler and George Neville; Thomas Linacre the physician, who was Thomas More's Greek teacher; and John Colet are among those discussed.
More, Bacon, Cavendish, and Mather did so, often borrowing directly from the religious and medical knowledge of the time: More was a close friend of Thomas Linacre, the Royal Physician and founder of the Royal College of Physicians; Bacon had advocated a new kind of science based on the sharing of scientific knowledge and practice; Cavendish had written a scientific treatise worthy enough to gain her entrance to the newly-formed, all-male Royal Society of London; by the end of his life, Cotton Mather had so impressed the Royal Society of London with his observations and texts that they granted him membership--the only American minister admitted.
From his experience with Henry VIII's well-known fear of and constant flight from plague, More knew all too well that a monarchy could not remain stable in plague-time.(5) What medical knowledge More possessed prior to the 1515 writing of Utopia can be largely ascribed to his eleven-year friendship with Thomas Linacre. Linacre had acquired medical training in Italy from 1487 to 1497.