Thomas Reid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Thomas Reid: David Hume

Reid, Thomas

 

Born Apr. 26, 1710, in Strachan, Kincardine; died Oct. 7, 1796, in Glasgow. British idealist philosopher and originator of the Scottish philosophy of common sense.

Reid became professor of philosophy at King’s College in Aberdeen in 1751 and professor at the University of Glasgow in 1764. He attacked the skepticism of D. Hume and all of British empiricism and sensualism, schools that maintained the experiential origins of knowledge. Central to Reid’s works is the concept of common sense, by which he meant, first, a special intuitive capacity of the mind, and second, the totality of first and undeduced principles or judgments. In his Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man (1785), Reid lists 12 main judgments of common sense that are placed in people’s minds by god and that serve as the basis for cognition. The judgments include belief in god, in the existence of an external world, and in a natural ability to distinguish truth from falsehood. In the 20th century, some of Reid’s tenets were resurrected in new realism and linguistic philosophy.

WORKS

The Works of Thomas Reid, vols. 1–2. Edited by W. Hamilton. Edinburgh, 1872.

REFERENCES

Istoriia filosofii, vol. 2. Moscow, 1941. Pages 269–72.
Fraser, A. C. Thomas Reid. Edinburgh-London [1898].
Grave, S. A. The Scottish Philosophy of Common Sense. Oxford, 1960.
Sciacca, M. F. La filosofia di T. Reid, 3rd ed. Milan, 1963.

A. F. GRIAZNOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Lonely Battle of Thomas Reid airs on RTE One tomorrow at 9.35pm.
Thomas Reid's Critique of the sympathy system of Adam Smith
Dialogos imaginarios con base en John Rogers Searle y Thomas Reid, Jose Hernandez Prado nos ofrece una detallada exposicion de la filosofia y ontologia social de John Searle, poniendo especial enfasis en los mecanismos de construccion, asi como en las caracteristicas onticas y deonticas de lo que el denomina la realidad institucional o realidad social humana.
Shocking: The room which was overturned by the raiders Distressing: Thomas Reid, aged 86, was attacked with metal bars and a bat.
As Sartwell points out, although Warren's ontological and methodological individualism makes him one of the most extreme of the American anarchists, it simultaneously places him within a long and august tradition that includes Heraclitus, the Cynics, the medieval nominalists, Thomas Reid and other Scottish common sense philosophers of the eighteenth century, Emerson, Nietzsche and Heidegger (p.8).
Joel Kaufman, Glenn King, Robert Martin, Marilyn Plue and Thomas Reid.
It is surprising that Lowe spends so much space defending agent-causalism, given that his final proposal looks less like the agent-causal volitionism of Thomas Reid and more like the non-causalist volitionism defended by Carl Ginet and Hugh McCann.
Peppered with quotes from Socrates, Plato, Thomas Reid, and Henry Sidgwick, he invites professionals to celebrate the perfect expression of professionalism--taking responsibility, grasping and honoring individualism.
While protagonist Thomas Reid is quite likeable it is hard to care about the hero when the settings are so outlandish and the writing so unoriginal.
Following an introductory chapter examining the relations between psychology and history, he discusses Locke, Shaftesbury, and Thomas Reid in discourse with each other, Bakhtin, Wittgenstein, Diderot, and other influential thinkers.
The unpacking of Hazlitt's epistemology of common sense shows up its basis in imagination; on that basis, Hazlitt's model of common sense might insightfully be compared to that of the eighteenth-century philosopher of common sense, Thomas Reid. This comparison can be extended, in turn, to language: where Reid proposes a common language for philosophy, Hazlitt's commitment to common sense is manifest in a more radical break from philosophical exposition itself.
Bello conocio de primera mano obras como el Tratado de la naturaleza humana de Hume, los Principios del conocimiento humano de Berkeley, el Leviatan de Hobbes, la Critica de la razon pura de Kant, los Principios de moral y legislacion de Bentham, amen de las obras de autores como Victor Cousin, Dugald Stewart, Thomas Reid, Thomas Brown, John Hersche, William Hamilton, entre otros (3).