cooked chicken (if his hagiographer Thomas of Celano
may be believed).
(16.) Thomas of Celano
, The Life of Saint Francis, 1 C 84, in Regis J.
Francis of Assisi, written by fellow friar Thomas of Celano
, recounts an event in the Italian town of Greccio in 1223 that continues to influence the material culture of our Christmas festivities.
Among their topics are reflections on memory in Thomas of Celano
's Vita Prima, the economy of salvation according to Francis of Assisi, divine infinity in Bonaventure's Disputed Questions on the Mystery of the Trinity, early Franciscan sources and Joachite prophetic sources in the Book of Conformities, and Franciscan poverty: an interpretive turn for the 21st century.
Francis' first biographer, Thomas of Celano
, wrote in 1229: "When he found abundance of flowers, he preached to them and invited them to praise the Lord as though they were endowed with reason.
Thomas of Celano
, who was received into the Order by St.
The story featured in a hagiography by Thomas of Celano
and was depicted in a panel painting of 1360 by Guido da Siena, which shows the saint with a monstrance of the Holy Eucharist, the dazzling sight of which caused the infidels to retreat in disarray.
The idea of an apocalypse--the end of the world as we know it--is ancient and spans human history: Old Testament writings, particularly from the book of Isaiah; later speculation from various rabbis; the words of Christ; the Revelation [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], from which we get the word apocalypse) of Saint John; the Six Ages of Saint Augustine; Thomas of Celano
's "Dies Irae"; and a library of other eschatological writings, medieval and modern.
The praise of poverty, as a stripping of self, climaxes in the praise of Saint Lawrence, Saint Stephen, and Saint Francis, "who refused the priesthood." (14) Drawing from the Second Life (I, 6, 11) by Thomas of Celano
, Valla clarifies the moral focus of assumptions.
The corpus of writings composed between 1209 (the oral rule as described by Thomas of Celano
in the First Vita (6)) and circa 1264 (the date of St.
But the actual figure of Francis is consistent with the standard type derived from Thomas of Celano
, almost surprisingly so.
As Tolan proceeds to pick apart the principal texts and images of this encounter in Franciscan hagiography--the Vita Prima (1228) of Thomas of Celano
; a laudatory poem by Henry of Avranches (1229-1230); a panel depicting the scene in the Bardi altarpiece (1240s); the Legenda maiori (1263) of Bonaventure; a fresco in the Basilica of St.