Thomson, Joseph

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thomson, Joseph


Born Feb. 14, 1858, in Penpont, Dumfriesshire; died Aug. 2,1895, in London. British geologist and explorer of Africa.

In 1879 and 1880, Thomson made his way from Zanzibar to the northern end of Lake Nyasa and explored the territory, previously unknown to Europeans, between Lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika; he also followed the Lukuga River for some distance from its source in Lake Tanganyika and discovered Lake Rukwa. In 1881, Thomson explored the Ruvuma River. While traversing the territory between Mombasa and Lake Victoria in 1882, he explored the interior of what is now Kenya, where he discovered Lake Baringo and the volcanic massif Mount Elgon.


Gornung, M. B., Iu. G. Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiiai i ssledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.