Johan Rudolf Thorbecke

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thorbecke, Johan Rudolf


Born Jan. 15, 1798, in Zwolle; died June 4, 1872, in The Hague. Dutch state and political figure.

Thorbecke graduated from the University of Leiden in 1820; thereupon he went to Germany to continue his studies until 1824. In 1825 he became a professor of diplomatic history at the University of Ghent, and in 1831 he was appointed a professor of constitutional law at the University of Leiden. From 1840 to 1849 and again from 1853 to 1862, Thorbecke was a deputy to the Second Chamber of the States General as a member of the Liberal Party, becoming the chamber’s presiding officer in 1840. In 1848 he initiated amendments to the Dutch constitution limiting the power of the monarchy in favor of parliament.

Thorbecke served three terms as prime minister, from 1849 to 1853, from 1862 to 1866, and finally from 1871 to 1872. The governments he headed were responsible for several bourgeois reforms, including a new election law, reduced customs tariffs, and the abolition of slavery in the Dutch West Indies.


Boersema, K. H. I. R. Thorbecke: Ein historisch-critische Studie. Leiden, 1949.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thorbecke (1997) finds that expansive (restrictive) monetary policy increases (decreases) contemporaneous stock returns.
Thorbecke. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures." Econometrica, 52(3), 1984, 761-65.
(1980, chapter 7) for the case of Korea and Thorbecke (1979) for the case of Taiwan.
To measure poverty we select three indexes from Foster, Greer and Thorbecke's (1984) "family", namely, poverty rate, poverty gap and poverty severity.
Starnes's indispensable Der Teutsche Merkur: Ein Repertorium (Sigmaringen: Thorbecke, 1994).
Short-term interest rates indisputably were rising prior to the crash of 1987, and stock markets tend to do poorly (well) when interest rates rise (fall) (Jensen, Mercer, and Johnson, 1996; and Thorbecke, 1997).
Foster, Greer, and Thorbecke (1984) have devised a poverty indicator to measure the severity of poverty ("poverty gap squared").
1295) of a youthful and beardless apothecary mixing unguents and holding a mirror in his left hand can be found in the interior of the Holy Sepulcher in Constance Cathedral (Heribert Reiners, Das Munster unserer lieben Frau zu Konstanz [Constance: Kommissionsverlag Jan Thorbecke, 1955], 512).