Three Weeks

Three Weeks

Begins between June 17 and July 24 and ends between July 17 and August 14; from Tammuz 17 until Av 9
The 17th of Tammuz, also known as Shivah Asar be-Tammuz, marks the day on which the walls of Jerusalem were breached by the Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar ( see also Asarah be-Tevet). The three-week period between this day and the ninth of Av ( see Tisha be-Av) is known in Hebrew as the period BÉn ha-Metsarim, in reference to Lamentations 1:3, which describes the city of Jerusalem as having been overtaken by her persecutors "between the straits."
Because this period is associated with the destruction of the Temple, it is a time of mourning for the Jewish people. As the days draw closer to the ninth of Av, the signs of mourning increase in severity. Although there are differences between Ashkenazi and Sephardic customs, the restrictions include not shaving or cutting one's hair, not wearing new clothes, nor eating fruit for the first time in season. Beginning with the first day of Av, the Ashkenazi custom is not to eat any meat nor drink any wine until after Tisha be-Av, while Sephardim refrain from meat and wine beginning with the Sunday preceding the ninth of Av. On Tisha be-Av itself, it is not permitted to eat or drink, to wear leather shoes, to anoint with oil, to wash (except where required), or to engage in sexual relations. On each of the three Sabbaths during the Three Weeks, a special prophetic passage of the Old Testament, known as a haftarah, is read.
CONTACTS:
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America
11 Broadway
New York, NY 10004
212-563-4000; fax: 212-564-9058
www.ou.org
SOURCES:
DaysCustFaith-1957, p. 159
DictWrldRel-1989, p. 155
RelHolCal-2004, p. 52
Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary, Fourth Edition. © 2010 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
In three weeks I shall bring you the five thousand.
It was three weeks after the marriage that Clare found himself descending the hill which led to the well-known parsonage of his father.
"The steamer City of Prague, bound from Liverpool to New York, three weeks out with a broken shaft.
Weren't they drinking the waters at Wiesbaden, and weren't they to go on drinking them for another three weeks? My fancy made a picture of them distended with three weeks' absorption of mineral springs.
Three weeks later, when Dorlcote Mill was at its prettiest moment in all the year,--the great chestnuts in blossom, and the grass all deep and daisied,--Tom Tulliver came home to it earlier than usual in the evening, and as he passed over the bridge, he looked with the old deep-rooted affection at the respectable red brick house, which always seemed cheerful and inviting outside, let the rooms be as bare and the hearts as sad as they might inside.
She was most economical, and when she ate she would gather up crumbs with the tip of her finger, so that nothing should be wasted of the loaf of bread weighing twelve pounds which was baked especially for her and lasted three weeks.
Yes, and for three weeks he stopped with them, and looked after the children like a nurse."
Ah, it was living, the first breath of life he had breathed in three weeks. His dreams came back to him.
On such trips they would be gone anywhere from a week to ten days or two weeks, and once they managed a three weeks' trip.
In three weeks' time--three weeks!--two weeks--ten days--we'll have the best ship, sir, and the choicest crew in England.
But three weeks had already passed, and the most diligent search had been unsuccessful; the attempted robbery and the murder of the robber by his comrade were almost forgotten in anticipation of the approaching marriage of Mademoiselle Danglars to the Count Andrea Cavalcanti.
Darcy's having both spent three weeks at Rosings, and asked him, if he was acquainted with the former.