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inflammation of the pharynx



acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Acute pharyngitis in man is caused primarily by microbes (streptococcus, staphylococcus, and pneumococcus) and viruses (grippe and the adenoviruses); in the case of a severe cold or sinusitis, the inflammation frequently spreads to the pharynx from the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. The symptoms of pharyngitis are dryness of the pharynx, painful swallowing—especially in the absence of food or drink—and a body temperature ranging from normal to 37.5°C. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline and disinfectant solutions, drinking warm liquids, and a bland diet.

Chronic pharyngitis may result from repeated acute infections of the pharynx, chronic infections in the nose and paranasal sinuses, chronic tonsillitis, and prolonged irritation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx caused by smoking, alcohol abuse, the inhalation of dust or noxious gases, and overexposure to cold. The symptoms are dryness of the pharynx, a burning or tickling sensation (a “scratchy” throat), painful swallowing, coughing, and the frequent need to expectorate. The condition is treated by removing the causative factors, gargling or rinsing the pharynx with alkaline solutions (inhalation), and applying a solution of Lugol’s caustic in glycerine to the posterior wall of the pharynx.


See references under LARYNGITIS.
Pharyngitis in animals is caused by the penetration of microorganisms in the pharyngeal tissues, usually resulting from a chill to the body or from the effect of extreme cold on the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, strangles, and pasteurellosis, may be accompanied by pharyngitis. The symptoms include difficulty in swallowing, excessive salivation, nasal discharge (with nasal regurgitation of food), swelling and soreness in the region of the pharynx, and—in acute pharyngitis—elevation of body temperature. Treatment includes application of heat to the affected areas, parenteral treatment with sulfanilamides and antibiotics, and serotherapy.


Inflammation of the pharynx.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary endpoints were the number of times the tube/ devices were successfully position at the first intubation attempt, the number of malpositions, the time required to achieve optimal position verified by FOB, oxygenation, quality of lung collapse and surgical field exposure; Secondary outcome were incidence of hoarseness of voice and incidence and severity of throat pain.
Coughing and throat pain were less common complaints during the 00:00-05:59 time slot compared to other times of the day (p=0.
The outbreak involved two patients, both of whom initially were examined for throat pain.
All the patients who presented with the complaints of throat pain, haemoptysis and odynophagia after fish bone impaction were included in the study.
5]} = {Temperature, Cough, Throat pain, Headache, Body pain} be a set of symptoms.
In viral infection, the patient would have running nose, throat pain, mild body ache and weakness.
During this period, Abu Hamdiya was suffering from cute throat pain, difficulty swallowing and breathing, phlegm in chest, and suffered from dyspnoea.
Laryngoscopy is also used to examine people who have throat pain or difficulty swallowing.
Don't worry about seeing a doc unless you have throat pain or other symptoms.
With our new warming spray, Chloraseptic helps consumers take those benefits along with them, combined with an active ingredient that dulls sore throat pain.
The sugar-free spray is available in honey lemon flavor and contains phenol, which helps ease sore throat pain and irritation.
A 34-years-old female without any chronic disease history applied to otorhinolaryngology department with fever, throat pain, dysphagia and unwellness for 3 days.