Throckmorton, Sir Nicholas

Throckmorton or Throgmorton, Sir Nicholas,

1515–71, English diplomat. A relative of Catherine Parr, the last wife of Henry VIII, he became a staunch Protestant and gained the favor of the young Edward VI, who knighted him in 1547. He supported, for a time, the claims of Lady Jane GreyGrey, Lady Jane,
1537–54, queen of England for nine days. She was the daughter of Henry Grey, marquess of Dorset (later duke of Suffolk), and Frances Brandon, daughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary.
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 to the throne, and in 1554 he was tried for complicity in the rebellion of Sir Thomas WyattWyatt, Sir Thomas,
c.1520–54, English soldier and conspirator; son of the poet Sir Thomas Wyatt. In Jan., 1554, when Queen Mary's intention to marry Philip II of Spain was announced, Wyatt joined a planned insurrection against the queen.
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. Although acquitted, he was kept in the Tower until 1555. Upon Elizabeth I's accession (1558) he was made ambassador to France, where he championed the cause of the Huguenots. While in France he negotiated with Mary Queen of ScotsMary Queen of Scots
(Mary Stuart), 1542–87, only child of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Through her grandmother Margaret Tudor, Mary had the strongest claim to the throne of England after the children of Henry VIII.
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 and, despite religious differences, became her personal friend. In 1565, Throckmorton was sent to Scotland to attempt to prevent Mary's marriage to Lord Darnley, and in 1567 he tried to secure the release of the imprisoned Scottish queen. A supporter of the proposed match between the duke of Norfolk and Mary, he came under Elizabeth's suspicions. He was imprisoned in 1569 for his supposed complicity in the rebellion of the northern English Roman Catholics, but he was soon released. Throckmorton's daughter Elizabeth married Sir Walter Raleigh.
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