thrush

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Related to Thrushes: hermit thrushes

thrush,

bird, common name for members of the Turdidae, a large family of birds found in most parts of the world and noted for their beautiful song. The majority are modestly colored, with spotted underparts, in either the young or the adult stage, although some have bright plumage. Among these are the American robin, Turdus migratorius, largest of the thrushes, and the Eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis, bright blue with a red breast. Other thrushes found in North America are the wood, olive-backed, and gray-cheeked thrushes, the solitaire, and the veery, or Wilson's, thrush. The hermit thrush, a shy forest dweller, is the finest singer. The European "blackbird," the nightingale, the missel thrush, the stonechat, and the wheatear are thrushes. Thrushes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Turdidae.

thrush,

in medicine, infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans, manifested by white, slightly raised patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, mouth, and throat. The mucous membrane beneath the patches is usually raw and bleeding. The overgrowth of this fungus results when the balance in the normal oral microbe population is disturbed by antibiotic therapy or disease. It occurs most frequently in infants, in adults suffering from chronic illnesses, in the debilitated, in the immunosuppressed, and in individuals on long-term antibiotic, corticosteroid, or antineoplastic therapy. It is often an early symptom of AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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. Treatment is with antifungal drugs, such as clotrimazole and nystatin. See also candidiasiscandidiasis
, infection caused by fungi of the genus Candida; also called moniliasis after a former name of the genus. The most common forms of candidiasis, caused by C.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thrush

 

a disease of the mucous membrane (mainly of the oral cavity) caused by yeastlike fungi that are normal inhabitants of the mouth, vagina, and intestinal tract. Thrush is a form of candidiasis. The disease primarily affects infants; in adults it accompanies chronic illnesses that are characterized by emaciation (dysentery, typhuses). Thrush is manifested by milky white deposits in the mouth, which gradually increase in size and merge, resembling the remains of milk. When the deposits are removed, redness or bleeding occurs. Treatment includes gargling with alkaline solutions, application of a 5 percent solution of iodine, and vitamin therapy. Antibiotic 26/1 (Levorin) and iodine preparations may be used internally.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

thrush

[thrəsh]
(medicine)
A form of candidiasis due to infection by Candida albicans and characterized by small whitish spots on the tip and sides of the tongue and the mucous membranes of the buccal cavity. Also known as mycotic stomatitis; parasitic stomatitis.
(veterinary medicine)
A disease of the frog of a horse's foot accompanied by a fetid discharge.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

thrush

1
any songbird of the subfamily Turdinae, esp those having a brown plumage with a spotted breast, such as the mistle thrush and song thrush: family Muscicapidae

thrush

2
1. 
a. a fungal disease of the mouth, esp of infants, and the genitals, characterized by the formation of whitish spots and caused by infection with the fungus Candida albicans
b. another word for sprue
2. a softening of the frog of a horse's hoof characterized by degeneration and a thick foul discharge
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Not so many years ago, song thrushes had become most noticeable at least in this airt by their vocal absence and their numbers were in decline pretty universally.
They glide onto the top branches, up to about 40 jackdaws and 20 mistle thrushes, then, swoosh, they all fly off as if orchestrated by a conductor.
Try to spot the first of the fluffy blackbird fledglings, and keep an eye out for declining species such as house martins and song thrushes.
Emma Reed, the RSPB's education officer for Northern England, said: "It's sad to see this drop in numbers among YorKshire garden birds liKe song thrushes and starlings.
Last year, Make Your Nature Count results reported a good year for breeding song thrushes and this year's results confirmed that, with sightings of adult song thrushes, up by 12 per cent on last year.
The number of gardens where young song thrushes, blackbirds and robins were seen was down on last year, according to the results of RSPB's Make Your Nature Count survey by members of the public in June.
Experts believe the high numbers of young blackbirds, robins and song thrushes could be because the weather conditions were right when they were both in the nest, and when they fledged.
Last year, the driest January to June in 80 years saw the breeding success of song thrushes and blackbirds fall by a fifth, the BTO said.
The researchers captured up to 91 Swainson's Thrushes at a woodlot on the Ohio State campus while they were migrating through Columbus in May or early June, 2004 to 2007.
A survey found winter visits of blackbirds, song thrushes and robins at a five-year low.
Food plays an important part in the migration both of seabirds, such as sooty shearwaters, and of songbirds, such as warblers and thrushes. Now, scientists are uncovering new details of how these birds manage to travel long distances over open water.
Out of 88 snake-hunting bouts caught by his 2,000 hours of video, 6 featured dramatic episodes of harassment: 3 starred a gray squirrel; 2, a chipmunk, and 1, a pair of wood thrushes.